Risk of development of brain metastases according to the IASLC/ATS/ERS lung adenocarcinoma classification in locally advanced and metastatic disease




Introduction: Brain metastases (BM) are frequent among lung cancer patients, affecting prognosis and quality of life. The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC), American Thoracic Society (ATS) and European Respiratory Society (ERS) lung adenocarcinoma (LADC) classification (IASLC/ATS/ERS) has prog-nostic impact in early-stage disease; however, its role in the advanced setting is not precise. This study aims to determine the correlation between the predominant histological subtype and the risk of developing brain me-tastases (BM) in locally advanced and metastatic (stages IIIB-IV) LADC. Methods: A total of 710 patients with LADC were treated at our institution from January 2010 to December 2017. After excluding patients with brain metastases at diagnoses (n =151), they were categorized according to the IASLC/ATS/ERS LADC classification to estimate the risk of developing brain metastases. A competing risk analysis was employed, considering death a competing risk event. Results: From 559 patients, the mean age was 59 ±13.2 years, women (52.4 %), and clinical-stage IV (79.2 %). LADC subtypes distribution was lepidic (11.6 %), acinar (37.9 %), papillary (10.2 %), micropapillary (6.8 %), and solid (33.5 %). A total of 27.0 % of patients developed BM, 32.9 % died without brain affection, and 40.0 % did not progress. The predominantly solid subtype showed the greatest probability of all subtypes for developing BM [HR 4.0; 95 % CI (1.80

Palabras clave


Central nervous system metastases, Histologic grade, Adenocarcinoma subtype, Differentiation grade, Lung cancer