Infiltrating/sealing proximal caries lesions: A 3-year randomized clinical tria




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Journal of dental research, 0022-0345, Vol. 91, Nro. 3, 2012, p. 288-292

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This randomized split-mouth controlled clinical trial aimed at assessing the therapeutic effects of infiltration vs. sealing for controlling caries progression on proximal surfaces. Out of 90 adult students/patients assessed at university clinics and agreeing to participate, 39, each with 3 proximal lesions identified radiographically around the enamel-dentin junction to the outer third of the dentin, were included. Lesions were randomly allocated for treatment to test-A (Infiltration: ICON-pre-product; DMG), test-B (Sealing: Prime-Bond-NT; Dentsply), or control-C (Placebo). Primary outcome after 1, 2, and 3 yrs of radiographically observed lesion progression was assessed by an independent examiner blinded to groups, using pair-wise and digital-subtraction readings. No adverse events occurred. In 37 participants assessed after 3 yrs, 10 lesions (A-4; B-2; C-4) progressed deep into dentin and needed operative treatment. The 3-year therapeutic effect, based on pair-wise radiographic readings between infiltration and placebo, was 37.8% (95%CI: 20.5-55.2%) and that between sealing and placebo was 29.7% (95%CI: 20.2-35.0%). One-year follow-up digital-subtraction readings showed significant differences in lesion progression between infiltration and placebo (P = 0.0012) and between sealing and placebo (P = 0.0269). The study showed that infiltration and sealing are significantly better than placebo treatment for controlling caries progression on proximal lesions. No significant difference was seen between infiltration and sealing ( number CT01417832).

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Caries treatment, Clinical studies/trials, Radiography


Esmalte dental
Selladores de fosas y fisuras
Ensayo clínico