Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration with primary closure after failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography without intraoperative cholangiography: a case series from a referral center in bogota, Colombia




Background: Despite the effectiveness of laparoscopic common bile duct (CBD) surgery, no case series details the use and advantages of laparoscopic CBD exploration (LCBDE) without use of intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) in endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) failure. Therefore, we present a case series regarding our success with LCBDE in managing CBD stones (CBDSs) using laparoscopic technique without IOC. Materials and Methods: We performed a descriptive retrospective observational study. Patients with CBDSs, alone or along with gallbladder stones, were treated through LCBDE with primary CBD closure after failed ERCP. Results: All patients underwent LCBDE with choledocotomy and primary duct closure. Patients with gallbladder stones underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy (78%). All procedures were successful, and no conversions occurred. Surgery duration averaged 106 minutes. Intraoperative bleeding averaged 15 cc, and no mortalities occurred. No patients required additional surgery or intensive care unit admission. Hospitalization duration averaged 5 days. Conclusions: Therefore, a laparoscopic approach with primary CBD closure after failed ERCP for complex CBDSs is safe and effective.

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Conducto colédoco