Allergic rhinitis and associated factors in schoolchildren from Bogota, Colombia

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Fecha

2012

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Publicado en

Rhinology, 0300-0729, Vol. 50, No. 2, 2012 p. 122-128

Publicado por

International Rhinologic Society

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Abstract

Allergic rhinitis is one of the most frequent chronic diseases among children. The objective of the study was to assess the prevalence of and the factors associated with self-reported allergic rhinitis symptoms in schoolchildren from Bogota, Colombia. We followed the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) methodology. Our sample included 3,256 children aged 6 - 7 and 3,830 adolescents aged 13 - 14 years. The prevalence of self-reported allergic rhinitis symptoms was 30.8% among children and 36.6% among adolescents. Factors associated with self-reported allergic rhinitis among children included current asthma and atopic dermatitis symptoms; use of acetaminophen in the first year of life and in the last 12 months; antibiotic use in the first year of life; high- school and university maternal education; smokers at home; and caesarean delivery. Among adolescents, associated factors included current asthma and atopic dermatitis symptoms; current acetaminophen use once per month; frequent fast-food consumption; cat exposure at home; and smoking. Further exploration of factors associated with allergic rhinitis symptoms is needed.

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Keywords

Allergic rhinitis, Prevalence, Associated factors, ISAAC-III

Temáticas

Rinitis
Infecciones del sistema respiratorio
Hipersensibilidad respiratoria

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