Evaluation of a mixed simultaneous vinasse degradation treatment using komagataeibacter kakiaceti GM5 and trametes versicolor DSM 3086




In the bioethanol industry and its derivative processes, 9–14 l of vinasse per liter of ethanol are obtained as residue, depending on whether or not a recirculation process is used. If the vinasse is discharged directly into water bodies without proper treatment it can produce negative effects on existing biota and on human health. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the capacity of a mixed treatment with Komagataeibacter kakiaceti GM5 and Trametes versicolor DSM 3086 to degrade and reduce the toxicity of this by-product. In order to carry out the tests, an experimental culture media of vinasse at 60% (v/v) was used. This culture was compared to a standard medium of glucose at 2% and, simultaneously, a mixed culture (bacterium-fungus) was used through a batch process in an orbital shaker. When compared to the treatments evaluated with individually grown microorganisms, the mixed treatment proposed produced the best COD results in vinasse degradation. However, better results were obtained when using the treatment with T. versicolor DSM 3086 for color removal and treatment with K. kakiaceti GM5 produced better results in terms of turbidity and toxicity. Although the simultaneous mixed treatment did not improve all the variables studied, it never showed the lowest performance. Therefore, this proposal can be considered as an innovative biological alternative in degradation processes of great organic pollutants such as vinasse.

Palabras clave


Vinasse, Wastewater distillery, Komagataeibacter kakiaceti, Trametes versicolor, Daphnia magna