Validación de un cuestionario de conocimientos acerca del asma entre padres o tutores de niños asmáticos
Rodríguez-Martínez, Carlos E.
Sossa, Mónica Patricia
Archivos de bronconeumologia, 1579-2129, Vol. 41, Nro. 8, 2005, p. 419-424
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Objective Interventions to increase asthma knowledge enable children and/or their parents to acquire skills needed for the prevention and/or appropriate management of crises. Periods of illness caused by the disease can thereby be reduced. However, no validated instrument for quantifying knowledge of asthma is available in Spanish. The aim of the present study was to develop and validate an asthma knowledge questionnaire that could be self-administered by parents and/or persons charged with caring for asthmatic children. Material and methods The 17 items that make up the questionnaire were obtained on the basis of a review of the literature, focus group discussions, the professional experience of the researchers, and pilot studies. We evaluated the instrument's face, content, and concurrent validity and analyzed its factorial structure. The test-retest reliability of the questionnaire and its sensitivity to change were also assessed. Results A total of 120 pediatric patients with a mean (SD) age of 4.5 (3.7) years participated. Factor analysis demonstrated a probable structure of 3 factors that together explained 85% of the total variance in results. The opinion of an interdisciplinary group of experts on asthma confirmed the face validity of the instrument. The questionnaire's ability to distinguish between parents with high and low asthma knowledge demonstrated its concurrent validity. Test-retest reliability was demonstrated, as was sensitivity to change between 2 different testing moments. Conclusions The asthma knowledge questionnaire developed is useful and reliable for quantifying the baseline level of asthma knowledge of parents of asthmatic children as well as to assess the efficacy of an educational intervention aiming to increase knowledge and understanding of the disease.
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