Adding nebulized corticosteroids to systemic corticosteroids for acute asthma in children: a systematic review with meta-analysis
Pincheira, Mauricio A.
Escobar-Serna, Diana Paola
Sossa-Briceño, Mónica P.
Pediatric pulmonology, 1099-0496, 2020
John Wiley and Sons Inc.
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Abstract International guidelines have recommended the use of inhaled beta‐2 agonists and systemic corticosteroids (SCs) as the first‐line treatment for acute asthma. Objective To evaluate the evidence for the efficacy of inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) in addition to SCs compared to SCs alone in children with acute asthma in the emergency department (ED) or during hospitalization. Data Sources Five electronic databases were searched. Study Selection All randomized clinical trials that compared ICS (via nebulizer or metered dose inhaler) plus SC (oral or parenteral) with placebo (or standard care) plus SC were included without language restriction. Data Extraction Two reviewers independently reviewed all the studies. The primary outcomes were hospital admission and hospital length of stay (LOS), and secondary outcomes were readmissions during follow‐up, ED‐LOS, lung function, asthma clinical score, oxygen saturation, and heart and respiratory rates. Results Nine studies (n = 1473) met the inclusion criteria. In all the studies, the ICS was budesonide. Compared to SC alone, adding budesonide to SC did not affect hospitalization rate, but decreased hospital LOS by more than 1 day (MD = −29.08 hours [−39.9 to −18.3]; I2 = 0%, P = < .00001). Moreover, adding budesonide significantly improved the acute asthma severity score among patients at ED. Conclusions Compared to SC alone, adding budesonide to SC does not affect the hospitalization rate, but decreases the LOS and improves the acute asthma score in children in an ED setting.
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