Manejo de un sangrado por úlcera posligadura de várices esofágicas mediante prótesis metálica autoexpandible: reporte de un caso y revisión de la literatura
Sierra A., Fernando
Cabrera V., Luis Felipe
Revista Colombiana de Gastroenterología, 2500-7440, Vo.l 30, Nro. 1, 2015, p. 105-109
Asociación Colombiana de Gastroenterología
MetadataShow full item record
Early treatment of bleeding varices with direct compression dates from the work by Westphal et al. in 1930. Later in 1950, Sengstaken-Blakemore developed their balloon which Panes and collaborators defi ned as the fi rst line of therapy for esophageal varices in 1980 while they used the Linton-Nachlass balloon for gastric varices (1, 2). This study presents the clinical case of a patient with liver cirrhosis due to hepatitis C, (Child B) with esopha-geal varices which were ligated on two different occasions because of bleeding. On the second occasion a rupture was imminent and ligation occurred two weeks prior to the event. The patient presented a clinical picture compatible with massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding with endoscopic evidence of a bleeding esophageal ulcer that did not improve with terlipressin, sclerotherapy with adrenaline, or balloon dilatation. Consequently, it was to use a partially covered self-expanding metal esophageal stent for salvage therapy since a completely covered stent was not available at that time. Stenting achieved partial control of bleeding. We recommend the use of stenting with a stent specifi cally designed for this indication (SX-Ella Danis) as salvage therapy for refractory bleeding from esophageal varices. The stent can be used as a bridge to stabilize the patient in order to perform TIPS as the defi nitive treatment, as in the case of our patient.
- Artículos