Quantifying rotavirus kinetics in the REH tumor cell line using in vitro data
Virus Research, 0168-1702, Vol. 244, 2018, p. 53-63
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Globally, rotavirus is the most common cause of diarrhea in children younger than 5 years of age, however, a quantitative understanding of the infection dynamics is still lacking. In this paper, we present the first study to extract viral kinetic parameters for in vitro rotavirus infections in the REH cell tumor line. We use a mathematical model of viral kinetics to extract parameter values by fitting the model to data from rotavirus infection of REH cells. While accurate results for some of the parameters of the mathematical model were not achievable due to its global non-identifiability, we are able to quantify approximately the time course of the infection for the first time. We also find that the basic reproductive number of rotavirus, which gives the number of secondary infections from a single infected cell, is much greater than one. Quantifying the kinetics of rotavirus leads not only to a better understanding of the infection process, but also provides a method for quantitative comparison of kinetics of different strains or for quantifying the effectiveness of antiviral treatment.
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