Morbimortalidad materno-perinatal en pacientes con infección por VIH, Hospital Simón Bolívar, 2003-2011, Bogotá (Colombia)
Gómez-Ríos, Ana C.
Carrillo Rozo, Mauricio E.
Rodríguez Ortiz, Jorge A.
Revista Colombiana de Obstetricia y Ginecología, 2463-0225, Vol. 65, Nro. 4, 2014, 308-316
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Objective: To describe maternal and perinatal HIV-associated morbidity and mortality at Simón Bolívar Hospital between 2003 and 2011. Materials and methods: A descriptive historical cohort study. The study included pregnant women with a confirmed diagnosis of HIV infection attending prenatal control visits and receiving care during delivery and the postpartum period, between January 2003 and December 2011 at the Simon Bolívar Hospital, a general, level-III referral centre for HIV patients, located in northwest Bogota. Sampling was done consecutively and the assessment included baseline social, demographic and clinical characteristics; maternal mortality during pregnancy, at the time of delivery and during the postpartum period; and perinatal mortality. A descriptive morbidity analysis was conducted using proportions, together with an exploratory analysis of the association between the CD4 lymphocyte count and viral load, and maternal and perinatal outcomes. Results: Overall, 136 patients had a confirmed diagnosis of HIV at the institution, and complete information was obtained for 106 (78%) of them. There were no cases of maternal deaths and 2 foetal deaths in utero. The main maternal comorbidities found were anaemia (18%), STDs (22.6%), pneumonia (5.7%) and postpartum fever (4.7%). The most frequent perinatal comorbidities were low birth weight (21.7%), and seizures (2.8%). No association was found between viral load and CD4 count and maternal or perinatal morbidity. Conclusion: Pregnant women with HIV infection generally present a slight increase in maternal and perinatal complications. It is important to undertake additional studies in different population groups in order to arrive at an appropriate evaluation of all these associations
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