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dc.contributor.authorFayyad, John
dc.contributor.authorSampson, Nancy A.
dc.contributor.authorHwang, Irving
dc.contributor.authorAdamowski, Tomasz
dc.contributor.authorAguilar-Gaxiola, Sergio
dc.contributor.authorAL-HAMZAWI, Ali
dc.contributor.authorAndrade, Laura Helena
dc.contributor.authorBorges Pires, Guilherme
dc.contributor.authorde Girolamo, Giovanni
dc.contributor.authorFlorescu, Silvia
dc.contributor.authorGureje, Oye
dc.contributor.authorMaria Haro, Josep
dc.contributor.authorHu, Chiyi
dc.contributor.authorKaram, Elie
dc.contributor.authorLee, Sing
dc.contributor.authorNavarro-Mateu, Fernando
dc.contributor.authorO’Neill, Siobhan
dc.contributor.authorPennell, Beth-Ellen
dc.contributor.authorPiazza, Marina
dc.contributor.authorPOSADA-VILLA, JOSE
dc.contributor.authorten Have, Margreet
dc.contributor.authorTorres, Yolanda
dc.contributor.authorXavier, Miguel
dc.contributor.authorZaslavsky, Alan
dc.contributor.authorKessler, Ronald
dc.date.accessioned2020-05-14T00:31:55Z
dc.date.available2020-05-14T00:31:55Z
dc.identifier.issn1866-6647spa
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12495/2745
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfspa
dc.language.isoengspa
dc.publisherSpringer Verlagspa
dc.relation.ispartofseriesADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders, 1866-6647, Vol. 9, Nro. 1, 2017, p. 47–65spa
dc.relation.urihttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12402-016-0208-3spa
dc.titleThe descriptive epidemiology of DSM-IV Adult ADHD in the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveysspa
dc.typearticlespa
dc.type.localartículospa
dc.subject.decsTrastornos de Ansiedadspa
dc.subject.decsAfectospa
dc.subject.decsTrastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividadspa
dc.subject.decsTrastornos Mentalesspa
dc.subject.keywordsADHDspa
dc.subject.keywordshyperactivity disorderspa
dc.subject.keywordsAttention-deficitspa
dc.subject.keywordsDisability epidemiologyspa
dc.subject.keywordsPrevalencespa
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s12402-016-0208-3spa
dc.type.hasversioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.publisher.journalADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disordersspa
dc.description.abstractenglishWe previously reported on the cross-national epidemiology of ADHD from the first 10 countries in the WHO World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys. The current report expands those previous findings to the 20 nationally or regionally representative WMH surveys that have now collected data on adult ADHD. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was administered to 26,744 respondents in these surveys in high-, upper-middle-, and low-/lower-middle-income countries (68.5% mean response rate). Current DSM-IV/CIDI adult ADHD prevalence averaged 2.8% across surveys and was higher in high (3.6%)- and upper-middle (3.0%)- than low-/lower-middle (1.4%)-income countries. Conditional prevalence of current ADHD averaged 57.0% among childhood cases and 41.1% among childhood subthreshold cases. Adult ADHD was significantly related to being male, previously married, and low education. Adult ADHD was highly comorbid with DSM-IV/CIDI anxiety, mood, behavior, and substance disorders and significantly associated with role impairments (days out of role, impaired cognition, and social interactions) when controlling for comorbidities. Treatment seeking was low in all countries and targeted largely to comorbid conditions rather than to ADHD. These results show that adult ADHD is prevalent, seriously impairing, and highly comorbid but vastly under-recognized and undertreated across countries and cultures.spa
dc.rights.localAcceso cerradospa
dc.date.issued2017


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