Frecuencia y factores relacionados con las infecciones asociadas a dispositivos médicos en Colombia para el segundo semestre del 2016.
Aldas Ávila, Daniela Alejandra
Castro Mora, María Paula
García Aristizábal, María Paula
Vergel Gómez, Mariana
Zapateiro Hodeg, María Emma
Ibañez Pinilla, Edgar Antonio
Universidad El Bosque
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Healthcare-associated infection (HAI) are considered an important public health problem since they seems to be the most frequent adverse event in the healthcare institutions, representing not only a problem for the patient, but an increase in costs in the health system, in addition to being a safety quality indicator in the hospital care. Within these, a large percentage corresponds to infections associated with medical devices (ADI), a topic to be discussed in this paper. It is estimated that every year hundreds of millions of patients around the world are affected by HAI. They are more frequent in low and middle income countries than in high income countries. However, today there is a tendency to decrease the IAAS, although in developing countries such as Colombia, the risk remains high. According to the CDC classification, ADIs are classified according to the device involved as a blood catheter, mechanical ventilator, urinary catheter and surgical site infection; It is important to take into account not only this factors but sociodemographic and patient factors as well, which together predispose to this type of infections. This study aims to show the frequency and factors associated with IADs with the aim of offering data and tools that contribute to generate prevention and control strategies and programs to continue decreasing the occurrence of these types of events. The frequency of each type of ADI varies according to region due mainly by sociodemographic characteristics, however in our study the most frequent ADI was the catheter-related bloodstream infection (44.3%), while for Latin America, Europe and Asia, broadly, the most frequent was ventilator-associated. Among the risk factors are found to be extreme ages, previous infections, diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease.
- Medicina 
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