Experiencia de una clínica de anticoagulación
Gómez, Sonia E.
Montenegro, Ana C.
Buitrago, Andrés F.
Revista Colombiana de cardiología, 0120-5633, Vol. 22, Nro. 5, 2015, p. 224-230
Sociedad Colombiana de cardiología
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Introduction: The anticoagulation clinic emerged as a strategy to reduce the complications associated with anticoagulation therapy. There, the indications, contraindications and drug interactions that could cause potential functional disabilities of individual patients receiving this treatment are evaluated. Objective: To describe the demographic profile and pharmacologic indications and to determine the behavior of anticoagulant therapy of patients consulting at the Anticoagulation Clinic of the University Hospital Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá. Methods: A descriptive retrospective study was carried out that included 257 patients of the anticoagulation clinic between April 2008 and December 2013, who received anticoagulation therapy with warfarin, enoxaparin, rivaroxaban, apixaban or dabigatran. Results: 62.6% were female; the average age was 65.3 years old; 71.20% received warfarin, 5.05% enoxaparin, rivaroxaban 14.78%, 8.17% dabigatran and 0.77% apixaban. The chief indications for anticoagulation were venous thrombosis (47.08%) and atrial fibrillation (36.96%.) Leading complications associated with total anticoagulant strategy were: major bleeding (1.16%), mild bleeding (8.17%) and re-thrombotic events (3.5%). The time spent in therapeutic range (INR 2-3) was 53.5% in the warfarin group. Conclusion: This study is consistent with international literature in suggesting that the selection and monitoring of anticoagulation therapy could reduce the frequency of adverse effects (bleeding and thrombosis). The anticoagulation clinic also allows to optimise the time in the therapeutic range of the patients treated with warfarin.
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