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dc.contributor.advisorAulestia Obregón, Martha Luciaspa
dc.contributor.advisorRamírez Ortegón, Luis Albertospa
dc.contributor.advisorGamboa Martínez, Luis Fernandospa
dc.creatorDíaz Gavarrete, Amy Alejandraspa
dc.creatorArias Ibáñez, Jonathanspa
dc.date.accessioned2020-01-21T15:58:39Z
dc.date.available2020-01-21T15:58:39Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12495/1894
dc.description.abstractLos desórdenes músculo esqueléticos (DME) son uno de los mayores problemas reportados en cuanto a la salud ocupacional de los odontólogos, siendo una de la más afectada debido a las malas posturas de trabajo, falta de pausas activas, movimientos repetitivos y equipos inadecuados, que conducen al cansancio de los pequeños músculos causando dolor que se manifiesta principalmente en el cuello, espalda y manos, siendo más frecuente en las mujeres que en los hombres. Identificar la prevalencia, intensidad, frecuencia, duración y localización de la molestia músculo-esquelética, presente en una muestra significativa de residentes, docentes y especialistas de endodoncia en Colombia. Con metodología descriptiva de corte transversal se investigó a 190 miembros de la Asociación Colombiana de Endodoncia, 16 residentes, 46 docentes y 128 especialistas, que previo consentimiento informando, vía virtual respondieron el cuestionario con el aplicativo GoogleDocs™. El análisis estadístico se realizó con el STATA©. Se encontró que las áreas con mayor afección son espalda 20,19%, cuello 18,18% y mano 13,50%. Además se observó que la molestia de cuello 18,18% (P= 0,00), en el hombro 11,36% (P= 0,01), la mano 13,50% (P= 0,00), y la muñeca 5,88% (P= 0,00), tiene una diferencia significativa con respecto al género donde las más afectadas son las mujeres. Y que el uso de magnificación hace que tenga menos molestia en las zonas del antebrazo 84,55% (P= 0.01), mano 54,47% (P= 0.004), y muñeca 83,74% (P= 0.00). Las zonas con menor de afectación son la muñeca y el antebrazo y por último el codo. Un alto porcentaje de endodoncistas informó molestia músculo esqueletica. La mayor parte de estas molestias se encuentra en espalda, cuello y mano. La adopción de posturas correctas, el ejercicio regular y la ayuda de magnificacion con iliuminación adecuada se asocia a una baja prevalencia de molestia.spa
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfspa
dc.language.isospaspa
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/*
dc.subjectCélulas troncales de pulpa dentalspa
dc.subjectIFN-γspa
dc.subjectTNF-αspa
dc.subjectTGF-βspa
dc.subjectInmunomodulaciónspa
dc.titleDesórdenes musculoesqueléticos en residentes, docentes, y especialistas de endodoncia en Colombiaspa
dc.publisher.programEspecialización en endodonciaspa
dc.type.localTrabajo de gradospa
dc.type.localTesis/Trabajo de grado - Monografía - Doctoradospa
dc.subject.decsPulpa dentalspa
dc.subject.decsInmunizaciónspa
dc.subject.decsLinfocitosspa
dc.subject.keywordsDental pulp stem cellsspa
dc.subject.keywordsIFN-γspa
dc.subject.keywordsTNF-αspa
dc.subject.keywordsTGF-βspa
dc.subject.keywordsImmunomodulationspa
dc.subject.nlmWU 100spa
dc.type.hasversioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersionspa
dc.type.coarhttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_7a1fspa
dc.type.driverinfo:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesisspa
dc.description.degreenameEspecialista en endodonciaspa
dc.publisher.grantorUniversidad El Bosquespa
dc.publisher.facultyFacultad de Odontologíaspa
dc.identifier.instnameinstname:Universidad El Bosquespa
dc.identifier.reponamereponame:Repositorio Institucional Universidad El Bosquespa
dc.identifier.repourlrepourl:https://repositorio.unbosque.edu.cospa
dc.description.degreelevelPregradospa
dc.title.translatedMuscular and skeletal disorders among endodontics residents, teachers and specialists in Colombiaspa
dc.description.abstractenglishSkeletal and muscular disorders (SMD) are among the most serious occupational health reported problems of dentists. It is one of the most affected due to improper work postures, lack of active pauses, repetitive movements and inadequate equipment. This leads to tiredness of smaller muscles, generating pain which manifests itself mainly on the neck, back, hands and more frequently among females to identify prevalence, intensity, frequency, duration and area of the skeletal and muscular ailment present in a significant sample of endodontics residents, teachers and specialists in Colombia. A cross-sectional descriptive methodology was used to assess with an informed consent 190 members of the Colombian Association of Endodontics: 16 residents, 46 teachers and 128 specialists who answered by mail a questionnaire from GoogleDocs™ and the statistical analysis was done with STATA©. The most affected areas were: back (20.19%), neck (18.18%) and hand (13.50%). It was also observed that neck 18.18% (p=0.00), shoulder 11.36% (p=0.01), hand 13.50% (p=0.00) and wrist 5.88% (p=0.00) have a significant difference with regards to gender because females were affected more. The use of magnification reduces ailment in forearms 84.55% (p=0.01), hand 54.47% (p=0.004), wrist 83.74% (p=0.00) and the areas less afflicted are wrist, forearm and elbow. A high percentage of endodoncists reported muscular and skeletal ailments. Most of these afflictions are on the back, neck and hand. Adoption of correct postures, regular exercise and magnification with proper lighting are associated with low prevalence of said afflictions.spa
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dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessspa
dc.rights.accessrightshttp://purl.org/coar/access_right/c_abf2spa
dc.date.issued2018spa


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