Condiciones de trabajo relacionados con desórdenes musculoesqueléticos de la extremidad superior en residentes de odontología, Universidad El Bosque Bogotá, D.C. (Colombia)
Gutiérrez Strauss, Ana María
Rodríguez Gutierrez, Maria Nelcy
Ramirez, Luis O.
Mora, Edith Mireya
Sánchez, Kellys Cristina
Trujillo, Lorena G.
Salud Uninorte, 2011-7531, Vol.30, Nro.1, 2014 p. 63-72
Universidad del Norte
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Objective: To examine and describe working conditions, provided by the prolonged use of equipment and dental instruments in post-graduate students and teachers in each specialty. Materials and methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study in post-graduate students and teachers in each specialty Dental Residency Program. It took the total students enrolled in the seven specializations. The population consisted of 47 students and 22 teachers. They adapted and applied the published guideline of Epidemiological Surveillance System for musculoskeletal disorders of the upper extremity (DME-ES); the prioritizacion Guide, epidemiological Guide, DEPARIS Guide and PME Guide. Data were analyzed using STATA v9. Results: We observed in students more symptoms in neck (62 %) and shoulders (47 %). The specialty of endodontics is the most present symptoms in the upper extremity, being hand the most prominent anatomical area (83.3 %). Women have more symptoms in the neck (74.1 %), whereas in men has greater discomfort in other anatomical areas of the upper extremity, standing shoulder (62.5 %). Conclusion: Specific data collection items were adapted to dental work and this allowed us to know the risks of musculoskeletal disorders of the upper extremity (DME-ES) in the labor performance and develop dental educational materials for health promotion and risk prevention in dental professionals.
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