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    • Global age-sex-specific fertility, mortality, healthy life expectancy (HALE), and population estimates in 204 countries and territories, 1950–2019: a comprehensive demographic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 

      Abbas, Kaja M.; Abbasifard, Mitra; Abbasi Kangevari, Mohsen; Abbastabar, Hedayat; Abd Allah, Foad; Abdelalim, Ahmed; Abolhassani, Hassan; Abreu, Lucas Guimarães; Abrigo, Michael R. M.; Abushouk, Abdelrahman I.; Adabi, Maryam; Adair, Tim; Adebayo, Oladimeji M.; Adedeji, Isaac Akinkunmi; Adekanmbi, Victor; Adeoye, Abiodun Moshood; Adetokunboh, Olatunji O.; Advani, Shailesh M.; Afshin, Ashkan; Aghaali, Mohammad; Agrawal, Anurag; Ahmadi, Keivan; Ahmadieh, Hamid; Ahmed, Muktar Beshir; Al Aly, Ziyad; Alam, Khurshid; Alam, Tahiya; Alanezi, Fahad Mashhour; Alanzi, Turki M.; Alcalde Rabanal, Jacqueline Elizabeth; Ali, Muhammad; Alicandro, Gianfranco; Alijanzadeh, Mehran; Alinia, Cyrus; Alipour, Vahid; Alizade, Hesam; Aljunid, Syed Mohamed; Allebeck, Peter; Almadi, Majid Abdulrahman Hamad; Almasi Hashiani, Amir; Al Mekhlafi, Hesham M.; Altirkawi, Khalid A.; Alumran, Arwa Khalid; Alvis Guzman, Nelson; Amini Rarani, Mostafa; Aminorroaya, Arya; Ancuceanu, Robert; Andrei, Catalina Liliana; Androudi, Sofia; Angus, Colin; Anjomshoa, Mina; Ansari, Fereshteh; Ansari, Iman; Ansari Moghaddam, Alireza; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.; Antony, Catherine M.; Anvari, Davood; Appiah, Seth Christopher Yaw; Arabloo, Jalal; Arab Zozani, Morteza; Aravkin, Aleksandr Y.; Aremu, Olatunde; Ärnlöv, Johan; Aryal, Krishna K.; Asadi Pooya, Ali A.; Asgari, Samaneh; Asghari Jafarabadi, Mohammad; Atteraya, Madhu Sudhan; Ausloos, Marcel; Avila Burgos, Leticia; Avokpaho, Euripide Frinel Gbenato Arthur; Ayala Quintanilla, Beatriz Paulina; Ayano, Getinet; Ayanore, Martin Amogre; Azarian, Ghasem; Babaee, Ebrahim; Badiye, Ashish D.; Bagli, Eleni; Bahrami, Mohammad Amin; Bakhtiari, Ahad; Balassyano, Shelly; Banach, Maciej; Banik, Palash Chandra; Barker Collo, Suzanne Lyn; Bärnighausen, Till Winfried; Barzegar, Akbar; Basu, Sanjay; Baune, Bernhard T.; Bayati, Mohsen; Bazmandegan, Gholamreza; Bedi, Neeraj; Bell, Michellr L.; Bennett, Derrick A.; Bensenor, Isabela M.; Berhe, Kidanemaryam; Berman, Adam E.; Bertolacci, Gregory J.; Bhageerathy, Reshmi; Bhala, Neeraj; Bhattacharyya, Krittika; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.; Bijani, Ali; Biondi, Antonio; Bisanzio, Donal; Bisignano, Catherine; Biswas, Raaj Kishore; Bjørge, Tone; Bohlouli, Somayeh; Bohluli, Mehdi; Bolla, Srinivasa Rao Rao; Borzì, Antonio Maria; Borzouei, Shiva; Brady, Oliver J.; Braithwaite, Dejana; Brauer, Michael; Briko, Andrey Nikolaevich; Briko, Nikolay Ivanovich; Bumgarner, Blair R.; Burugina Nagaraja, Sharath; Butt, Zahid A.; Caetano dos Santos, Florentino Luciano; Cai, Tianji; Callender, Charlton SKH; Cámera, Luis LA Alberto; Campos Nonato, Ismael R.; Cárdenas, Rosario; Carreras, Giulia; Carrero, Juan J.; Carvalho, Felix; Castaldelli Maia, Joao Mauricio; Castelpietra, Giulio; Castro, Franz; Catalá López, Ferrán; Cederroth, Christopher R.; Cerin, Ester; Chattu, Vijay Kumar; Chin, Ken Lee; Chu, Dinh Toi; Ciobanu, Liliana G.; Cirillo, Massimo; Comfort, Haley; Costa, Vera Marisa; Cowden, Richard G.; Cromwell, Elizabeth A.; Croneberger, Andrew J.; Cunningham, Matthew; Dahlawi, Saad M. A.; Damiani, Giovanni; D'Amico, Emanuele; Dandona, Lalit; Dandona, Rakhi; Dargan, Paul I.; Darwesh, Aso Mohammad; Daryani, Ahmad; Das Gupta, Rajat; das Neves, José; Davletov, Kairat; De Leo, Diego; Denova Gutiérrez, Edgar; Deribe, Kebede; Dervenis, Nikolaos; Desai, Rupak; Dhungana, Govinda Prasad; Dias da Silva, Diana; Diaz, Daniel; Dippenaar, Ilse N.; Djalalinia, Shirin; Do, Hoa Thi; Dokova, Klara; Doku, David Teye; Dorostkar, Fariba; Doshi, Chirag P.; Doshmangir, Leila; Doyle, Kerrie E.; Dubljanin, Eleonora; Duraes, Andre Rodrigues; Edvardsson, David; Effiong, Andem; El Sayed, Iman; El Tantawi, Maha; Elbarazi, Iffat; El Jaafary, Shaimaa I.; Emamian, Mohammad Hassan; Eskandarieh, Sharareh; Esmaeilzadeh, Firooz; Estep, Kara; Farahmand, Mohammad; Faraj, Anwar; Fareed, Mohammad; Faridnia, Roghiyeh; Faro, Andre; Farzadfar, Farshad; Fattahi, Nazir; Fazaeli, Ali Akbar; Fazlzadeh, Mehdi; Feigin, Valery L.; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed Mohammad; Fernandes, Eduarda; Ferreira, Manuela L.; Filip, Irina; Fischer, Florian; Flohr, Carsten; Foigt, Nataliya A.; Folayan, Morenike Oluwatoyin; Fomenkov, Artem Alekseevich; Freitas, Marisa; Fukumoto, Takeshi; Fuller, John E.; Furtado, João M.; Gad, Mohamed M.; Gakidou, Emmanuela; Gallus, Silvano; Gebrehiwot, Abiyu Mekonnen; Gebremedhin, Ketema Bizuwork; Gething, Peter W.; Ghamari, Farhad; Ghashghaee, Ahmad; Gholamian, Asadollah; Gilani, Syed Amir; Gitimoghaddam, Mojgan; Glushkova, Ekaterina Vladimirovna; Gnedovskaya, Elena V.; Gopalani, Sameer Vali; Goulart, Alessandra C.; Gugnani, Harish Chander; Guo, Yuming; Gupta, Rajeev; Gupta, Subodh Sharan; Haagsma, Juanita A.; Haj Mirzaian, Arvin; Haj Mirzaian, Arya; Halvaei, Iman; Hamadeh, Randah R.; Hamagharib Abdullah, Kanaan; Han, Chieh; Handiso, Demelash Woldeyohannes; Hankey, Graeme J.; Haririan, Hamidreza; Haro, Josep Maria; Hasaballah, Ahmed I.; Hassanipour, Soheil; Hassankhani, Hadi; Hay, Simon I.; Heibati, Behzad; Heidari Soureshjani, Reza; Henny, Kiana; Henry, Nathaniel J.; Herteliu, Claudiu; Heydarpour, Fatemeh; Hole, Michael K.; Hoogar, Praveen; Hosgood, H. Dean; Hossain, Naznin; Hosseinzadeh, Mehdi; Hostiuc, Mihaela; Hostiuc, Sorin; Househ, Mowafa; Hoy, Damian G.; Hu, Guoqing; Huda, Tanvir M.; Ibitoye, Segun Emmanuel; Ikuta, Kevin S.; Ilesanmi, Olayinka Stephen; Ilic, Irena M.; Ilic, Milena D.; Imani Nasab, Mohammad Hasan; Islam, MdMohaimenul; Iso, Hiroyasu; Iwu, Chinwe Juliana; Jaafari, Jalil; Jacobsen, Kathryn H.; Jahagirdar, Deepa; Jahanmehr, Nader; Jalali, Amir; Jalilian, Farzad; James, Spencer L.; Janjani, Hosna; Jenabi, Ensiyeh; Jha, Ravi Prakash; Jha, Vivekanand; Ji, John S.; Jonas, Jost B.; Joukar, Farahnaz; Jozwiak, Jacek Jerzy; Jürisson, Mikk; Kabir, Zubair; Kalani, Hamed; Kalankesh, Leila R.; Kamiab, Zahra; Kanchan, Tanuj; Kapoor, Neeti; Karch, André; Karimi, Salah Eddin; Karimi, Seyed Asaad; Kassebaum, Nicholas J.; Katikireddi, Srinivasa Vittal; Kawakami, Norito; Kayode, Gbenga A.; Keiyoro, Peter Njenga; Keller, Cathleen; Khader, Yousef Saleh; Khalid, Nauman; Khan, Ejaz Ahmad; Khan, Maseer; Khang, Young Ho; Khater, Amir M.; Khater, Mona M.; Khazaei, Salman; Khazaie, Habibolah; Khodayari, Mohammad Taghi; Khubchandani, Jagdish; Kianipour, Neda; Kim, Cho il; Kim, Young Eun; Kim, Yun Jin; Kinfu, Yohannes; Kisa, Adnan; Kisa, Sezer; Kissimova Skarbek, Katarzyna; Kivimäki, Mika; Komaki, Hamidreza; Kopec, Jacek A.; Kosen, Soewarta; Koul, Parvaiz A.; Koyanagi, Ai; Kravchenko, Michael A.; Krishan, Kewal; Krohn, Kris J.; Kuate Defo, Barthelemy; Kumar, G. Anil; Kumar, Manasi; Kumar, Pushpendra; Kumar, Vivek; Kusuma, Dian; Kyu, Hmwe Hmwe; La Vecchia, Carlo; Lacey, Ben; Lal, Dharmesh Kumar; Lalloo, Ratilal; Lami, Faris Hasan; Lansky, Sonia; Larson, Samantha Leigh; Larsson, Anders O.; Lasrado, Savita; Lassi, Zohra S.; Lazarus, Jeffrey V.; Lee, Paul H.; Lee, Shaun Wen Huey; Leever, Andrew T.; LeGrand, Kate E.; Leonardi, Matilde; Li, Shanshan; Lim, Lee Ling; Lim, Stephen S.; Linn, Shai; Lodha, Rakesh; Logroscino, Giancarlo; Lopez, Alan D.; Lopukhov, Platon D.; Lotufo, Paulo A.; Lozano, Rafael; Lu, Alton; Lunevicius, Raimundas; Madadin, Mohammed; Maddison, Emilie R.; Magdy Abd El Razek, Hassan; Magdy Abd El Razek, Muhammed; Mahasha, Phetole Walter; Mahdavi, Mokhtar Mahdavi; Malekzadeh, Reza; Mamun, Abdullah A.; Manafi, Navid; Mansour Ghanaei, Fariborz; Mansouri, Borhan; Mansournia, Mohammad Ali; Mapoma, Chabila Christopher; Martini, Santi; Martins Melo, Francisco Rogerlândio; Masaka, Anthony; Mastrogiacomo, Claudia I.; Mathur, Manu Raj; May, Erin A.; McAlinden, Colm; McGrath, John J.; McKee, Martin; Mehndiratta, Man Mohan; Mehri, Fereshteh; Mehta, Kala M.; Meitei, Wahengbam Bigyananda; Memiah, Peter T. N.; Mendoza, Walter; Menezes, Ritesh G.; Mengesha, Endalkachew Worku; Mensah, George A.; Meretoja, Atte; Meretoja, Tuomo J.; Mestrovic, Tomislav; Michalek, Irmina Maria; Mihretie, Kebadnew Mulatu; Miller, Ted R.; Mills, Edward J.; Milne, George J.; Mirrakhimov, Erkin M.; Mirzaei, Hamed; Mirzaei, Maryam; Mirzaei Alavijeh, Mehdi; Misganaw, Awoke Temesgen; Moazen, Babak; Moghadaszadeh, Masoud; Mohamadi, Efat; Mohammad, Dara K.; Mohammad, Yousef; Mohammad Gholi Mezerji, Naser; Mohammadbeigi, Abolfazl; Mohammadian Hafshejani, Abdollah; Mohammadpourhodki, Reza; Mohammed, Hussen; Mohammed, Shafiu; Mohebi, Farnam; Mohseni Bandpei, Mohammad A.; Mokari, Amin; Mokdad, Ali H.; Momen, Natalie C.; Monasta, Lorenzo; Mooney, Meghan D.; Moradi, Ghobad; Moradi, Masoud; Moradi Joo, Mohammad; Moradi Lakeh, Maziar; Moradzadeh, Rahmatollah; Moraga, Paula; Moreno Velásquez, Ilais; Morgado da Costa, Joana; Morrison, Shane Douglas; Mosser, Jonathan F.; Mouodi, Simin; Mousavi, Seyyed Meysam; Mousavi Khaneghah, Amin; Mueller, Ulrich Otto; Musa, Kamarul Imran; Muthupandian, Saravanan; Nabavizadeh, Behnam; Naderi, Mehdi; Nagarajan, Ahamarshan Jayaraman; Naghavi, Mohsen; Naghshtabrizi, Behshad; Naik, Gurudatta; Najafi, Farid; Nangia, Vinay; Nansseu, Jobert Richie; Ndwandwe, Duduzile Edith; Negoi, Ionut; Negoi, Ruxandra Irina; Ngunjiri, Josephine W.; Nguyen, Huong Lan Thi; Nguyen, Trang Huyen; Nigatu, Yeshambel T.; Nikbakhsh, Rajan; Nikpoor, Amin Reza; Nixon, Molly R.; Nnaji, Chukwudi A.; Nomura, Shuhei; Noubiap, Jean Jacques; Nouraei Motlagh, Soraya; Nowak, Christoph; Oţoiu, Adrian; Odell, Christopher M.; Oh, In Hwan; Oladnabi, Morteza; Olagunju, Andrew T.; Olusanya, Bolajoko Olubukunola; Olusanya, Jacob Olusegun; Omar Bali, Ahmed; Ong, Kanyin L.; Onwujekwe, Obinna E.; Ortiz, Alberto; Otstavnov, Nikita; Otstavnov, Stanislav S.; Øverland, Simon; Owolabi, Mayowa O.; P. A., Mahesh; Padubidri, Jagadish Rao; Pakshir, Keyvan; Palladino, Raffaele; Pana, Adrian; Panda Jonas, Songhomitra; Park, James; Pasupula, Deepak Kumar; Patel, Jenil R.; Patel, Sangram Kishor; Patton, George C.; Paulson, Katherine R.; Pazoki Toroudi, Hamidreza; Pease, Spencer A.; Peden, Amy E.; Pepito, Veincent Christian Filipino; Peprah, Emmanuel K.; Pereira, Alexandre; Pereira, David M.; Perico, Norberto; Pigott, David M.; Pilgrim, Thomas; Pilz, Tessa M.; Piradov, Michael A.; Pirsaheb, Meghdad; Pokhrel, Khem Narayan; Postma, Maarten J.; Pourjafar, Hadi; Pourmalek, Farshad; Pourshams, Akram; Poznańska, Anna; Prada, Sergio I.; Prakash, Sanjay; Preotescu, Liliana; Quazi Syed, Zahiruddin; Rabiee, Mohammad; Rabiee, Navid; Radfar, Amir; Rafiei, Alireza; Raggi, Alberto; Rahman, Muhammad Aziz; Rajabpour Sanati, Ali; Ram, Pradhum; Ranabhat, Chhabi Lal; Rao, Sowmya J.; Rasella, Davide; Rashedi, Vahid; Rastogi, Prateek; Rathi, Priya; Rawal, Lal; Remuzzi, Giuseppe; Renjith, Vishnu; Renzaho, Andre M. N.; Resnikoff, Serge; Rezaei, Nima; Rezai, Mohammad sadegh; Rezapour, Aziz; Rickard, Jennifer; Roever, Leonardo; Ronfani, Luca; Roshandel, Gholamreza; Rostamian, Morteza; Rubagotti, Enrico; Rwegerera, Godfrey M.; Sabour, Siamak; Saddik, Basema; Sadeghi, Ehsan; Sadeghi, Masoumeh; Saeedi Moghaddam, Sahar; Safari, Yahya; Safi, Sare; Safiri, Saeid; Sagar, Rajesh; Sahebkar, Amirhossein; Sahraian, Mohammad Ali; Sajadi, S. Mohammad; Salahshoor, Mohammad Reza; Salama, Joseph S.; Salamati, Payman; Salem, Marwa R. Rashad; Salimi, Yahya; Salomon, Joshua A.; Salz, Inbal; Samad, Zainab; Samy, Abdallah M.; Sanabria, Juan; Santric Milicevic, Milena M.; Saraswathy, Sivan Yegnanarayana Iyer; Sartorius, Benn; Sarveazad, Arash; Sathian, Brijesh; Sathish, Thirunavukkarasu; Sattin, Davide; Saylan, Mete; Schaeffer, Lauren E.; Schiavolin, Silvia; Schwebel, David C.; Schwendicke, Falk; Sekerija, Mario; Senbeta, Anbissa Muleta; Senthilkumaran, Subramanian; Sepanlou, Sadaf G.; Serván Mori, Edson; Shabani, Mahsima; Shahabi, Saeed; Shahbaz, Mohammad; Shaheen, Amira A.; Shaikh, Masood Ali; Shalash, Ali S.; Shams Beyranvand, Mehran; Shamsi, MohammadBagher; Shamsizadeh, Morteza; Shannawaz, Mohammed; Sharafi, Kiomars; Sharafi, Zeinab; Sharara, Fablina; Sharma, Rajesh; Shaw, David H.; Sheikh, Aziz; Shin, Jae Il; Shiri, Rahman; Shrime, Mark G.; Shuval, Kerem; Siabani, Soraya; Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora; Sigurvinsdottir, Rannveig; Silva, Diego Augusto Santos; Simonetti, Biagio; Simpson, Kyle E.; Singh, Jasvinder A.; Skiadaresi, Eirini; Skryabin, Valentin Yurievich; Soheili, Amin; Sokhan, Anton; Sorensen, Reed J. D.; Soriano, Joan B.; Sorrie, Muluken Bekele; Soyiri, Ireneous N.; Spurlock, Emma Elizabeth; Sreeramareddy, Chandrashekhar T.; Stockfelt, Leo; Stokes, Mark A.; Stubbs, Jacob L.; Sudaryanto, Agus; Sufiyan, Mu'awiyyah Babale; Suliankatchi Abdulkader, Rizwan; Sykes, Bryan L.; Tabarés Seisdedos, Rafael; Tabb, Karen M.; Tadakamadla, Santosh Kumar; Taherkhani, Amir; Tang, Muming; Taveira, Nuno; Taylor, Heather Jean; Teagle, Whitney L.; Tehrani Banihashemi, Arash; Teklehaimanot, Berhane Fseha; Tessema, Zemenu Tadesse; Thankappan, Kavumpurathu Raman; Thomas, Nihal; Thrift, Amanda G.; Titova, Mariya Vladimirovna; Tohidinik, Hamid Reza; Tonelli, Marcello; Topor Madry, Roman; Topouzis, Fotis; Tovani Palone, Marcos Roberto Roberto; Traini, Eugenio; Tran, Bach Xuan; Travillian, Ravensara; Trias Llimós, Sergi; Truelsen, Thomas Clement; Tudor Car, Lorainne; Unnikrishnan, Bhaskaran; Upadhyay, Era; Vacante, Marco; Vakilian, Alireza; Valdez, Pascual R.; Valli, Alessandro; Vardavas, Constantine; Vasankari, Tommi Juhani; Vasconcelos, Ana Maria Nogales; Vasseghian, Yasser; Veisani, Yousef; Venketasubramanian, Narayanaswamy; Vidale, Simone; Violante, Francesco S.; Vlassov, Vasily; Vollset, Stein Emil; Vos, Theo; Vujcic, Isidora S.; Vukovic, Ana; Vukovic, Rade; Waheed, Yasir; Wallin, Mitchell Taylor; Walters, Magdalene K.; Wang, Hongbo; Wang, Haidong; Wang, Yuan Pang; Watson, Stefanie; Wei, Jingkai; Weiss, Jordan; Weldesamuel, Girmay Teklay; Werdecker, Andrea; Westerman, Ronny; Whiteford, Harvey A.; Wiangkham, Taweewat; Wiens, Kirsten E.; Wijeratne, Tissa; Wiysonge, Charles Shey; Wojtyniak, Bogdan; Wolfe, Charles D. A.; Wondmieneh, Adam Belay; Wool, Eve E.; Wu, Ai Min; Wu, Junjie; Xu, Gelin; Yamada, Tomohide; Yamagishi, Kazumasa; Yano, Yuichiro; Yaya, Sanni; Yazdi Feyzabadi, Vahid; Yearwood, Jamal A.; Yeheyis, Tomas Y.; Yilgwan, Christopher Sabo; Yip, Paul; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Yoon, Seok Jun; Yoosefi Lebni, Javad; York, Hunter W.; Younis, Mustafa Z.; Younker, Theodore Patrick; Yousefi, Zabihollah; Yousefinezhadi, Taraneh; Yousuf, Abdilahi Yousuf; Yusefzadeh, Hasan; Zahirian Moghadam, Telma; Zakzuk, Josefina; Zaman, Sojib Bin; Zamani, Mohammad; Zamanian, Maryam; Zandian, Hamed; Zhang, Zhi Jiang; Zheng, Peng; Zhou, Maigeng; Ziapour, Arash; Murray, Christopher J. L.
      Background Accurate and up-to-date assessment of demographic metrics is crucial for understanding a wide range of social, economic, and public health issues that affect populations worldwide. The Global Burden of Diseases, ...