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    • Five insights from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 

      Murray, Christopher J. L.; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abbasi, Mohammad; Abbasi Kangevari, Mohsen; Abd Allah, Foad; Abdollahi, Mohammad; Abedi, Parisa; Abedi, Aidin; Abolhassani, Hassan; Aboyans, Victor; Abreu, Lucas Guimarães; Abrigo, Michael R. M.; Abu Gharbieh, Eman; Abu Haimed, Abdulaziz Khalid; Abushouk, Abdelrahman I.; Acebedo, Alyssa; Ackerman, Ilana N.; Adabi, Maryam; Adamu, Abdu A.; Adebayo, Oladimeji M.; Adelson, Jaimie D .; Adetokunboh, Olatunji O.; Afarideh, Mohsen; Afshin, Ashkan; Agarwal, Gina; Agrawal, Anurag; Ahmad, Tauseef; Ahmadi, Keivan; Ahmadi, Mehdi; Ahmed, Muktar Beshir; Aji, Budi; Akinyemiju, Tomi; Akombi, Blessing; Alahdab, Fares; Alam, Khurshid; Alanezi, Fahad Mashhour; Alanzi, Turki M.; Albertson, Samuel B.; Alemu, Biresaw Wassihun; Alemu, Yihun Mulugeta; Alhabib, Khalid F.; Ali, Muhammad; Ali, Saqib; Alicandro, Gianfranco; Alipour, Vahid; Alizade, Hesam; Aljunid, Syed Mohamed; Alla, François; Allebeck, Peter; Almadi, Majid Abdulrahman Hamad; Almasi Hashiani, Amir; Al Mekhlafi, Hesham M.; Almulhim, Abdulaziz M.; Alonso, Jordi; Al Raddadi, Rajaa M.; Altirkawi, Khalid A.; Alvis Guzman, Nelson; Amare, Bekalu; Amare, Azmeraw T.; Amini, Saeed; Amit, Arianna Maever L.; Amugsi, Dickson A.; Anbesu, Etsay Woldu; Ancuceanu, Robert; Anderlini, Deanna; Anderson, Jason A.; Andrei, Tudorel; Andrei, Catalina Liliana; Anjomshoa, Mina; Ansari, Fereshteh; Ansari Moghaddam, Alireza; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.; Antony, Catherine M.; Anvari, Davood; Appiah, Seth Christopher Yaw; Arabloo, Jalal; Arab Zozani, Morteza; Aravkin, Aleksandr Y.; Arba, Aseb Arba Kinfe; Aripov, Timur; Ärnlöv, Johan; Arowosegbe, Oluwaseyi Olalekan; Asaad, Malke; Asadi Aliabadi, Mehran; Asadi Pooya, Ali A.; Ashbaugh, Charlie; Assmus, Michael; Atout, Maha Moh'd Wahbi; Ausloos, Marcel; Ausloos, Floriane; Ayala Quintanilla, Beatriz Paulina; Ayano, Getinet; Ayanore, Martin Amogre; Azari, Samad; Azene, Zelalem Nigussie; B., Darshan B.; Babaee, Ebrahim; Badawi, Alaa; Badiye, Ashish D.; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba; Bairwa, Mohan; Bakhtiari, Ahad; Bakkannavar, Shankar M.; Balachandran, Arun; Banach, Maciej; Banerjee, Srikanta K.; Banik, Palash Chandra; Baraki, Adhanom Gebreegziabher; Barker Collo, Suzanne Lyn; Basaleem, Huda; Basu, Sanjay; Baune, Bernhard T.; Bayati, Mohsen; Baye, Bayisa Abdissa; Bedi, Neeraj; Beghi, Ettore; Bell, Michellr L.; Bensenor, Isabela M.; Berhe, Kidanemaryam; Berman, Adam E.; Bhagavathula, Akshaya Srikanth; Bhala, Neeraj; Bhardwaj, Pankaj; Bhattacharyya, Krittika; Bhattarai, Suraj; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.; Bijani, Ali; Bikbov, Boris; Biondi, Antonio; Bisignano, Catherine; Biswas, Raaj Kishore; Bjørge, Tone; Bohlouli, Somayeh; Bohluli, Mehdi; Bolla, Srinivasa Rao Rao; Boloor, Archith; Bose, Dipan; Boufous, Soufiane; Brady, Oliver J.; Braithwaite, Dejana; Brauer, Michael; Breitborde, Nicholas J. K.; Brenner, Hermann; Breusov, Alexey V.; Briant, Paul Svitil; Briggs, Andrew M.; Britton, Gabrielle B.; Brugha, Traolach; Burugina Nagaraja, Sharath; Busse, Reinhard; Butt, Zahid A.; Caetano dos Santos, Florentino Luciano; Cámera, Luis LA Alberto; Campos Nonato, Ismael R.; Campuzano Rincon, Julio Cesar; Car, Josip; Cárdenas, Rosario; Carreras, Giulia; Carrero, Juan J.; Carvalho, Felix; Castaldelli Maia, Joao Mauricio; Castelpietra, Giulio; Castro, Franz; Catalá López, Ferrán; Causey, Kate; Cederroth, Christopher R.; Cercy, Kelly M.; Cerin, Ester; Chandan, Joht Singh; Chang, Jung Chen; Charan, Jaykaran; Charlson, Fiona J.; Chattu, Vijay Kumar; Chaturvedi, Sarika; Cherbuin, Nicolas; Chin, Ken Lee; Chirinos Caceres, Jesus Lorenzo; Cho, Daniel Youngwhan; Choi, Jee Young Jasmine; Chu, Dinh Toi; Chung, Sheng Chia; Chung, Michael T.; Cicuttini, Flavia M.; Cirillo, Massimo; Cislaghi, Beniamino; Cohen, Aaron J.; Compton, Kelly; Corso, Barbara; Cortesi, Paolo Angelo; Costa, Vera Marisa; Cousin, Ewerton; Cowden, Richard G.; Cross, Marita; Crowe, Christopher Stephen; Cummins, Steven; Dai, Haijiang; Dai, Hancheng; Damiani, Giovanni; Dandona, Lalit; Dandona, Rakhi; Daneshpajouhnejad, Parnaz; Darwesh, Aso Mohammad; Das, Jai K.; Das Gupta, Rajat; das Neves, José; Davey, Gail; Dávila Cervantes, Claudio Alberto; Davis, Adrian C.; De Leo, Diego; Denova Gutiérrez, Edgar; Deribe, Kebede; Dervenis, Nikolaos; Desai, Rupak; Deuba, Keshab; Dhungana, Govinda Prasad; Dianatinasab, Mostafa; Diaz, Daniel; Dichgans, Martin; Didarloo, Alireza; Dippenaar, Ilse N.; Dokova, Klara; Dolecek, Christiane; Dorostkar, Fariba; Doshi, Pratik P.; Doshi, Chirag P.; Doshmangir, Leila; Doxey, Matthew C.; Driscoll, Tim Robert; Duncan, Bruce B.; Eagan, Arielle Wilder; Ebrahimi, Hedyeh; Ebrahimi Kalan, Mohammad; Edvardsson, David; Ehrlich, Joshua R.; Elbarazi, Iffat; Elgendy, Islam Y.; El-Jaafary, Shaimaa I.; El Sayed Zaki, Maysaa; Elsharkawy, Aisha; El Tantawi, Maha; Elyazar, Iqbal R.F.; Emamian, Mohammad Hassan; Eshrati, Babak; Eskandarieh, Sharareh; Esteghamati, Alireza; Esteghamati, Sadaf; Fanzo, Jessica; Faro, Andre; Farzadfar, Farshad; Fattahi, Nazir; Feigin, Valery L.; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed Mohammad; Fernandes, Eduarda; Ferrara, Pietro; Ferrari, Alize J.; Filip, Irina; Fischer, Florian; Fisher, James L.; Fitzgerald, Ryan; Foigt, Nataliya A.; Folayan, Morenike Oluwatoyin; Fomenkov, Artem Alekseevich; Foroutan, Masoud; Franklin, Richard Charles; Freitas, Marisa; Fukumoto, Takeshi; Furtado, João M.; Gad, Mohamed M.; Gaidhane, Abhay Motiramji; Gakidou, Emmanuela; Gallus, Silvano; Gardner, William M.; Geberemariyam, Biniyam Sahiledengle; Gebremedhin, Ketema Bizuwork; Gebremeskel, Leake G.; Gebresillassie, Begashaw Melaku; Geramo, Yilma Chisha Dea; Gesesew, Hailay Abrha; Gething, Peter W.; Gezae, Kebede Embaye; Ghadiri, Keyghobad; Ghaffarifar, Fatemeh; Ghafourifard, Mansour; Ghamari, Farhad; Ghashghaee, Ahmad; Gholamian, Asadollah; Giampaoli, Simona; Gill, Paramjit Singh; Gillum, Richard F.; Ginawi, Ibrahim Abdelmageed; Giussani, Giorgia; Gnedovskaya, Elena V.; Godinho, Myron Anthony; Golechha, Mahaveer; Gona, Philimon N.; Gopalani, Sameer Vali; Gorini, Giuseppe; Goulart, Bárbara Niegia; Goulart, Bárbara Niegia Garcia; Goulart, Alessandra C.; Grada, Ayman; Greaves, Felix; Gudi, Nachiket; Guimarães, Rafael Alves; Guo, Yuming; Gupta, Subodh Sharan; Gupta, Rajeev; Gupta, Rahul; Haagsma, Juanita A.; Hachinski, Vladimir; Hafezi Nejad, Nima; Haile, Lydia M.; Haj Mirzaian, Arvin; Hall, Brian J.; Hamadeh, Randah R.; Hamidi, Samer; Han, Chieh; Hankey, Graeme J.; Haro, Josep Maria; Hasaballah, Ahmed I.; Hashi, Abdiwahab; Hassan, Amr; Hassanipour, Soheil; Hassankhani, Hadi; Havmoeller, Rasmus J.; Hay, Simon I.; Hayat, Khezar; Henok, Andualem; Henry, Nathaniel J.; Herteliu, Claudiu; Heydarpour, Fatemeh; Ho, Hung Chak; Hole, Michael K.; Holla, Ramesh; Hoogar, Praveen; Hopf, Kathleen Pillsbury; Hosgood, H. Dean; Hossain, Naznin; Hosseinzadeh, Mehdi; Hostiuc, Mihaela; Hostiuc, Sorin; Househ, Mowafa; Hoy, Damian G.; Hu, Guoqing; Huda, Tanvir M.; Hugo, Fernando N.; Humayun, Ayesha; Hussain, Rabia; Hwang, Bing Fang; Iavicoli, Ivo; Ibeneme, Charles Ugochukwu; Ibitoye, Segun Emmanuel; Ikuta, Kevin S.; Ilesanmi, Olayinka Stephen; Ilic, Irena M.; Ilic, Milena D.; Inbaraj, Leeberk Raja; Iqbal, Usman; Irvani, Seyed Sina Naghibi; Islam, M. Mofizul; Islam, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful; Iso, Hiroyasu; Iwu, Chidozie C. D.; Jaafari, Jalil; Jahagirdar, Deepa; Jahani, Mohammad Ali; Jakovljevic, Mihajlo; Jalali, Amir; Jalilian, Farzad; Janodia, Manthan Dilipkumar; Javaheri, Tahereh; Jenabi, Ensiyeh; Jha, Ravi Prakash; Jha, Vivekanand; Ji, John S.; Johnson, Catherine Owens; Jonas, Jost B.; Jürisson, Mikk; Kabir, Ali; Kabir, Zubair; Kalani, Rizwan; Kalankesh, Leila R.; Kalhor, Rohollah; Kanchan, Tanuj; Kapoor, Neeti; Karami Matin, Behzad; Karch, André; Karim, Mohd Anisul; Karimi, Salah Eddin; Kasa, Ayele Semachew; Kassebaum, Nicholas J.; Kayode, Gbenga A.; Kazemi Karyani, Ali; Keiyoro, Peter; Khalid, Nauman; Khammarnia, Mohammad; Khan, Maseer; Khan, Ejaz Ahmad; Khan, Gulfaraz; Khatab, Khaled; Khater, Mona M.; Khatib, Mahalaqua Nazli; Khazaie, Habibolah; Khoja, Abdullah T.; Khubchandani, Jagdish; Kianipour, Neda; Kieling, Christian; Kim, Young Eun; Kim, Yun Jin; Kimokoti, Ruth W.; Kinfu, Yohannes; Kisa, Sezer; Kisa, Adnan; Kissoon, Niranjan; Kivimäki, Mika; Kneib, Cameron J.; Knight, Megan; Koh, David S. Q.; Komaki, Hamidreza; Kopec, Jacek A.; Kosen, Soewarta; Kotlo, Anirudh; Koul, Parvaiz A.; Koyanagi, Ai; Krishan, Kewal; Krohn, Kris J.; K. S., Shaji; Kumar, G. Anil; Kumar, Nithin; Kumar, Manasi; Kurmi, Om P.; Kusuma, Dian; Kyu, Hmwe Hmwe; Lacey, Ben; Lal, Dharmesh Kumar; Lalloo, Ratilal; Lallukka, Tea; Lan, Qing; Landires, Iván; Larson, Heidi Jane; Lasrado, Savita; Lau, Kathryn Mei Ming; Lauriola, Paolo; La Vecchia, Carlo; Leal, Lisiane F.; Leasher, Janet L.; Ledesma, Jorge R.; Lee, Paul H.; Lee, Shaun Wen Huey; Leonardi, Matilde; Leung, Janni; Li, Bingyu; Li, Shanshan; Lim, Lee Ling; Lin, Ro Ting; Listl, Stefan; Liu, Xuefeng; Liu, Yang; Logroscino, Giancarlo; Lopez, Jaifred Christian F.; Lorkowski, Stefan; Lozano, Rafael; Lu, Alton; Lugo, Alessandra; Lunevicius, Raimundas; Lyons, Ronan A.; Ma, Jianing; Machado, Daiane Borges; Maddison, Emilie R.; Mahasha, Phetole Walter; Mahmoudi, Morteza; Majeed, Azeem; Maled, Venkatesh; Maleki, Shokofeh; Maleki, Afshin; Malekzadeh, Reza; Malta, Deborah Carvalho; Mamun, Abdullah A.; Manguerra, Helena; Mansouri, Borhan; Mansournia, Mohammad Ali; Mantilla Herrera, Ana M.; Martini, Santi; Martins Melo, Francisco Rogerlândio; Martopullo, Ira; Masoumi, Seyedeh Zahra; Massenburg, Benjamin Ballard; Mathur, Manu Raj; Maulik, Pallab K.; Mazidi, Mohsen; McAlinden, Colm; McGrath, John J.; McKee, Martin; Mehndiratta, Man Mohan; Mehri, Fereshteh; Mehta, Kala M.; Melese, Addisu; Memish, Ziad A.; Mendoza, Walter; Menezes, Ritesh G.; Mengesha, Endalkachew Worku; Meretoja, Tuomo J.; Meretoja, Atte; Mestrovic, Tomislav; Miazgowski, Bartosz; Michalek, Irmina Maria; Milne, George J.; Miri, Mohammad; Mirica, Andreea; Mirrakhimov, Erkin M.; Mirzaei, Hamed; Mirzaei, Maryam; Mirzaei Alavijeh, Mehdi; Misganaw, Awoke Temesgen; Moazen, Babak; Moghadaszadeh, Masoud; Mohajer, Bahram; Mohamad, Osama; Mohammad, Yousef; Mohammad, Dara K.; Mohammad Gholi Mezerji, Naser; Mohammadian Hafshejani, Abdollah; Mohammed, Shafiu; Mohebi, Farnam; Mokdad, Ali H.; Molokhia, Mariam; Monasta, Lorenzo; Mooney, Meghan D.; Moradi, Masoud; Moradi, Ghobad; Moradi Lakeh, Maziar; Moradzadeh, Rahmatollah; Moraga, Paula; Morawska, Lidia; Morgado da Costa, Joana; Morrison, Shane Douglas; Mosapour, Abbas; Mosser, Jonathan F.; Mousavi, Seyyed Meysam; Mousavi Khaneghah, Amin; Mueller, Ulrich Otto; Mullany, Erin C.; Musa, Kamarul Imran; Naderi, Mehdi; Nagarajan, Ahamarshan Jayaraman; Naghavi, Mohsen; Naghshtabrizi, Behshad; Naimzada, Mukhammad David; Najafi, Farid; Naldi, Luigi; Nayak, Vinod C.; Nazari, Javad; Ndejjo, Rawlance; Negoi, Ionut; Negoi, Ruxandra Irina; Netsere, Henok Biresaw Netsere; Nguefack Tsague, Georges; Ngunjiri, Josephine W.; Nguyen, Diep Ngoc; Nguyen, Huong Lan Thi; Nichols, Emma; Nigatu, Yeshambel T.; Nikbakhsh, Rajan; Nixon, Molly R.; Nnaji, Chukwudi A.; Nomura, Shuhei; Noubiap, Jean Jacques; Nowak, Christoph; Nsoesie, Elaine Okanyene; Nunez Samudio, Virginia; Ogbo, Felix Akpojene; Oghenetega, Onome Bright; Okunga, Emmanuel Wandera; Oladnabi, Morteza; Olagunju, Andrew T.; Olusanya, Jacob Olusegun; Olusanya, Bolajoko Olubukunola; Omar Bali, Ahmed; Omer, Muktar Omer; Ong, Sokking; Ong, Kanyin L.; Onwujekwe, Obinna E.; Oren, Eyal; Ortiz, Alberto; Ostroff, Samuel M.; Oţoiu, Adrian; Otstavnov, Nikita; Otstavnov, Stanislav S.; Øverland, Simon; Owolabi, Mayowa O.; P. A., Mahesh; Padubidri, Jagadish Rao; Pakhale, Smita; Pakshir, Keyvan; Palladino, Raffaele; Pana, Adrian; Panda Jonas, Songhomitra; Parmar, Priya G. Kumari; Pathak, Mona; Patton, George C.; Pazoki Toroudi, Hamidreza; Peden, Amy E.; Pepito, Veincent Christian Filipino; Peprah, Emmanuel K.; Pereira, David M.; Pereira, Alexandre; Pereira, Jeevan; Perico, Norberto; Pescarini, Julia Moreira; Pham, Hai Quang; Phillips, Michael R.; Piccinelli, Cristiano; Pilz, Tessa M.; Pinheiro, Marina; Piradov, Michael A.; Pirsaheb, Meghdad; Pishgar, Farhad; Pond, Constance Dimity; Postma, Maarten J.; Pottoo, Faheem Hyder; Pourjafar, Hadi; Pourmalek, Farshad; Prada, Sergio I.; Prasad, Narayan; Pribadi, Dimas Ria Angga; Pupillo, Elisabetta; Quazi Syed, Zahiruddin; Rabiee, Navid; Rabiee, Mohammad; Radfar, Amir; Rafiee, Ata; Raggi, Alberto; Rahman, Mohammad Hifz Ur; Rahman, Muhammad Aziz; Ramezanzadeh, Kiana; Ranabhat, Chhabi Lal; Ranta, Annemarei; Rao, Sowmya J.; Rao, Puja C.; Rasella, Davide; Rashedi, Vahid; Rastogi, Prateek; Rawaf, Salman; Rawaf, David Laith; Rawal, Lal; Rawassizadeh, Reza; Rawat, Ramu; Razo, Christian; Regassa, Lemma Demissie; Reitsma, Marissa Bettay; Remuzzi, Giuseppe; Renjith, Vishnu; Renzaho, Andre M. N.; Resnikoff, Serge; Rezaei, Nima; Rezaei, Negar; Rezai, Mohammad sadegh; Rezapour, Aziz; Rhinehart, Phoebe Anne; Riahi, Seyed Mohammad; Ribeiro, Antonio Luiz P.; Ribeiro, Daniel Cury; Rickard, Jennifer; Roever, Leonardo; Romoli, Michele; Ronfani, Luca; Roshandel, Gholamreza; Rubagotti, Enrico; Rumisha, Susan Fred; Rwegerera, Godfrey M.; Saadatagah, Seyedmohammad; Sabour, Siamak; Sachdev, Perminder S.; Saddik, Basema; Sadeghi, Masoumeh; Sadeghi, Ehsan; Saeedi Moghaddam, Sahar; Sahebkar, Amirhossein; Sahraian, Mohammad Ali; Sajadi, S. Mohammad; Salem, Marwa R. Rashad; Salem, Hosni; Salimzadeh, Hamideh; Salomon, Joshua A.; Salz, Inbal; Samad, Zainab; Samadi Kafil, Hossein; Samy, Abdallah M.; Sanabria, Juan; Santomauro, Damian Francesco; Santric Milicevic, Milena M.; Saraswathy, Sivan Yegnanarayana Iyer; Sarrafzadegan, Nizal; Sartorius, Benn; Sarveazad, Arash; Sathian, Brijesh; Sathish, Thirunavukkarasu; Sattin, Davide; Schaeffer, Lauren E.; Schiavolin, Silvia; Schmidt, Maria Inês; Schutte, Aletta Elisabeth; Schwebel, David C.; Schwendicke, Falk; Sepanlou, Sadaf G.; Sha, Feng; Shafaat, Omid; Shahabi, Saeed; Shaheen, Amira A.; Shaikh, Masood Ali; Shams Beyranvand, Mehran; Shamsizadeh, Morteza; Sharafi, Kiomars; Sharara, Fablina; Sheikh, Aziz; Shetty, B. Suresh Kumar; Shibuya, Kenji; Shigematsu, Mika; Shin, Min Jeong; Shin, Jae Il; Shiri, Rahman; Shivakumar, K. M.; Shrime, Mark G.; Shuval, Kerem; Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora; Sigurvinsdottir, Rannveig; Silva, Diego Augusto Santos; Silva, João Pedro; Simonetti, Biagio; Singh, Jasvinder A.; Singh, Pushpendra; Singh, Ambrish; Sinha, Dhirendra Narain; Skryabin, Valentin Yurievich; Sliwa, Karen; Smith, Emma U. R.; Soheili, Amin; Soltani, Shahin; Somefun, Oluwaseyi Dolapo; Sorensen, Reed J. D.; Soriano, Joan B.; Sorrie, Muluken Bekele; Soyiri, Ireneous N.; Sreeramareddy, Chandrashekhar T.; Sripada, Kam; Stanaway, Jeffrey D.; Ştefan, Simona Cătălina; Stein, Dan J.; Steiner, Caitlyn; Stokes, Mark A.; Stranges, Saverio; Suchdev, Parminder S.; Sudaryanto, Agus; Sufiyan, Mu'awiyyah Babale; Suliankatchi Abdulkader, Rizwan; Sulo, Gerhard; Swope, Carolyn B.; Sylte, Dillon O.; Tabarés Seisdedos, Rafael; Tabuchi, Takahiro; Tadakamadla, Santosh Kumar; Taddele, Biruk Wogayehu; Taherkhani, Amir; Tahir, Zarfishan; Tamiru, Animut Tagele; Tang, Muming; Tareque, Md Ismail; Tefera, Yonas Getaye Getaye; Tela, Freweini Gebrearegay G.; Temsah, Mohamad Hani; Terrason, Sonyah; Thakur, Bhaskar; Thankappan, Kavumpurathu Raman; Thapar, Rekha; Thomas, Nihal; Titova, Mariya Vladimirovna; Tlou, Boikhutso; Tonelli, Marcello; Topor Madry, Roman; Torre, Anna E.; Touvier, Mathilde; Tovani Palone, Marcos Roberto Roberto; Tran, Bach Xuan; Travillian, Ravensara; Uddin, Riaz; Ullah, Irfan; Unnikrishnan, Bhaskaran; Upadhyay, Era; Vacante, Marco; Vaicekonyte, Regina; Valdez, Pascual R.; Valli, Alessandro; Vasankari, Tommi Juhani; Vasseghian, Yasser; Venketasubramanian, Narayanaswamy; Vidale, Simone; Violante, Francesco S.; Vlassov, Vasily; Vollset, Stein Emil; Vongpradith, Avina; Vu, Giang Thu; W/hawariat, Feleke Gebremeskel; Waheed, Yasir; Wamai, Richard G.; Wang, Fang; Wang, Haidong; Wang, Jiayu; Wang, Yanzhong; Wang, Yuan Pang; Watson, Alexandrea; Wei, Jingkai; Weintraub, Robert G.; Weiss, Jordan; Welay, Fissaha Tekulu; Werdecker, Andrea; Westerman, Ronny; Whiteford, Harvey A.; Wiangkham, Taweewat; Wickramasinghe, Nuwan Darshana; Wilner, Lauren B.; Wojtyniak, Bogdan; Wolfe, Charles D. A.; Wondmeneh, Temesgen Gebeyehu; Wu, Ai Min; Wu, Chenkai; Wulf Hanson, Sarah; Wunrow, Han Yong; Xie, Yang; Yahyazadeh Jabbari, Seyed Hossein; Yamagishi, Kazumasa; Yaya, Sanni; Yazdi Feyzabadi, Vahid; Yearwood, Jamal A.; Yeheyis, Tomas Y.; Yeshitila, Yordanos Gizachew; Yip, Paul; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Yoon, Seok Jun; Younis, Mustafa Z.; Younker, Theodore Patrick; Yousefinezhadi, Taraneh; Yu, Chuanhua; Yu, Yong; Yuce, Deniz; Yusefzadeh, Hasan; Zaidi, Syed Saoud; Zaman, Sojib Bin; Zamanian, Maryam; Zangeneh, Alireza; Zarafshan, Hadi; Zastrozhin, Mikhail Sergeevich; Zewdie, Kaleab Alemayehu; Zhang, Zhi Jiang; Zhang, Jianrong; Zhang, Yunquan; Zhao, Xiu Ju George; Zhao, Yingxi; Zheleva, Bistra; Zheng, Peng; Zhu, Cong; Ziapour, Arash; Zimsen, Stephanie R. M.; Lopez, Alan D.; Vos, Theo; Lim, Stephen S.
      The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2019 provides a rules-based synthesis of the available evidence on levels and trends in health outcomes, a diverse set of risk factors, and health system ...
    • Global burden of 369 diseases and injuries in 204 countries and territories, 1990–2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 

      Vos, Theo; Lim, Stephen S.; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abbasi, Mohammad; Abbasifard, Mitra; Abbasi Kangevari, Mohsen; Abbastabar, Hedayat; Abd Allah, Foad; Abdelalim, Ahmed; Abdollahi, Mohammad; Abdollahpour, Ibrahim; Abolhassani, Hassan; Aboyans, Victor; Abrams, Elissa M.; Abreu, Lucas Guimarães; Abrigo, Michael R. 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Dean; Hosseinzadeh, Mehdi; Hostiuc, Mihaela; Hostiuc, Sorin; Househ, Mowafa; Hoy, Damian G.; Hsairi, Mohamed; Hsieh, Vivian Chia rong; Hu, Guoqing; Huda, Tanvir M.; Hugo, Fernando N.; Huynh, Chantal K.; Hwang, Bing Fang; Iannucci, Vincent C.; Ibitoye, Segun Emmanuel; Ikuta, Kevin S.; Ilesanmi, Olayinka Stephen; Ilic, Irena M.; Ilic, Milena D.; Inbaraj, Leeberk Raja; Ippolito, Helen; Irvani, Seyed Sina Naghibi; Islam, M. Mofizul; Islam, MdMohaimenul; Islam, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful; Islami, Farhad; Iso, Hiroyasu; Ivers, Rebecca Q.; Iwu, Chidozie C. 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N.; Mendoza, Walter; Menezes, Ritesh G.; Mengesha, Endalkachew Worku; Mengesha, Meresa Berwo; Mereke, Alibek; Meretoja, Atte; Meretoja, Tuomo J.; Mestrovic, Tomislav; Miazgowski, Bartosz; Miazgowski, Tomasz; Michalek, Irmina Maria; Mihretie, Kebadnew Mulatu; Miller, Ted R.; Mills, Edward J.; Mirica, Andreea; Mirrakhimov, Erkin M.; Mirzaei, Hamed; Mirzaei, Maryam; Mirzaei Alavijeh, Mehdi; Misganaw, Awoke Temesgen; Mithra, Prasanna; Moazen, Babak; Moghadaszadeh, Masoud; Mohamadi, Efat; Mohammad, Dara K.; Mohammad, Yousef; Mohammad Gholi Mezerji, Naser; Mohammadian Hafshejani, Abdollah; Mohammadifard, Noushin; Mohammadpourhodki, Reza; Mohammed, Shafiu; Mokdad, Ali H.; Molokhia, Mariam; Momen, Natalie C.; Monasta, Lorenzo; Mondello, Stefania; Mooney, Meghan D.; Moosazadeh, Mahmood; Moradi, Ghobad; Moradi, Masoud; Moradi Lakeh, Maziar; Moradzadeh, Rahmatollah; Moraga, Paula; Morales, Linda; Morawska, Lidia; Moreno Velásquez, Ilais; Morgado da Costa, Joana; Morrison, Shane Douglas; Mosser, Jonathan F.; Mouodi, Simin; Mousavi, Seyyed Meysam; Mousavi Khaneghah, Amin; Mueller, Ulrich Otto; Munro, Sandra B.; Muriithi, Moses K.; Musa, Kamarul Imran; Muthupandian, Saravanan; Naderi, Mehdi; Nagarajan, Ahamarshan Jayaraman; Nagel, Gabriele; Naghshtabrizi, Behshad; Nair, Sanjeev; Nandi, Anita K.; Nangia, Vinay; Nansseu, Jobert Richie; Nayak, Vinod C.; Nazari, Javad; Negoi, Ionut; Negoi, Ruxandra Irina; Netsere, Henok Biresaw Netsere; Ngunjiri, Josephine W.; Nguyen, Cuong Tat; Nguyen, Jason; Nguyen, Michele; Nguyen, Minh; Nichols, Emma; Nigatu, Dabere; Nigatu, Yeshambel T.; Nikbakhsh, Rajan; Nixon, Molly R.; Nnaji, Chukwudi A.; Nomura, Shuhei; Norrving, Bo; Noubiap, Jean Jacques; Nowak, Christoph; Nunez Samudio, Virginia; Oţoiu, Adrian; Oancea, Bogdan; Odell, Christopher M.; Ogbo, Felix Akpojene; Oh, In Hwan; Okunga, Emmanuel Wandera; Oladnabi, Morteza; Olagunju, Andrew T.; Olusanya, Bolajoko Olubukunola; Olusanya, Jacob Olusegun; Oluwasanu, Mojisola Morenike; Omar Bali, Ahmed; Omer, Muktar Omer; Ong, Kanyin L.; Onwujekwe, Obinna E.; Orji, Aislyn U.; Orpana, Heather M.; Ortiz, Alberto; Ostroff, Samuel M.; Otstavnov, Nikita; Otstavnov, Stanislav S.; Øverland, Simon; Owolabi, Mayowa O.; P. 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Kumari; Pasupula, Deepak Kumar; Patel, Sangram Kishor; Paternina Caicedo, Angel J.; Pathak, Ashish; Pathak, Mona; Patten, Scott B.; Patton, George C.; Paudel, Deepak; Pazoki Toroudi, Hamidreza; Peden, Amy E.; Pennini, Alyssa; Pepito, Veincent Christian Filipino; Peprah, Emmanuel K.; Pereira, Alexandre; Pereira, David M.; Perico, Norberto; Pham, Hai Quang; Phillips, Michael R.; Pigott, David M.; Pilgrim, Thomas; Pilz, Tessa M.; Pirsaheb, Meghdad; Plana Ripoll, Oleguer; Plass, Dietrich; Pokhrel, Khem Narayan; Polibin, Roman V.; Polinder, Suzanne; Polkinghorne, Kevan R.; Postma, Maarten J.; Pourjafar, Hadi; Pourmalek, Farshad; Pourmirza Kalhori, Reza; Pourshams, Akram; Poznańska, Anna; Prada, Sergio I.; Prakash, V.; Pribadi, Dimas Ria Angga; Pupillo, Elisabetta; Quazi Syed, Zahiruddin; Rabiee, Mohammad; Rabiee, Navid; Radfar, Amir; Rafiee, Ata; Rafiei, Alireza; Raggi, Alberto; Rahimi Movaghar, Afarin; Rahman, Muhammad Aziz; Rajabpour Sanati, Ali; Rajati, Fatemeh; Ramezanzadeh, Kiana; Ranabhat, Chhabi Lal; Rao, Puja C.; Rao, Sowmya J.; Rasella, Davide; Rastogi, Prateek; Rathi, Priya; Rawaf, David Laith; Rawaf, Salman; Rawal, Lal; Razo, Christian; Redford, Sofia Boston; Reiner, Robert C.; Reinig, Nickolas; Reitsma, Marissa Bettay; Remuzzi, Giuseppe; Renjith, Vishnu; Renzaho, Andre M. N.; Resnikoff, Serge; Rezaei, Nima; Rezai, Mohammad sadegh; Rezapour, Aziz; Rhinehart, Phoebe Anne; Riahi, Seyed Mohammad; Ribeiro, Antonio Luiz P.; Ribeiro, Daniel Cury; Ribeiro, Daniela; Rickard, Jennifer; Roberts, Nicholas L. S.|; Roberts, Shaun; Robinson, Stephen R.; Roever, Leonardo; Rolfe, Sam; Ronfani, Luca; Roshandel, Gholamreza; Roth, Gregory A.; Rubagotti, Enrico; Rumisha, Susan Fred; Sabour, Siamak; Sachdev, Perminder S.; Saddik, Basema; Sadeghi, Ehsan; Sadeghi, Masoumeh; Saeidi, Shahram; Safi, Sare; Safiri, Saeid; Sagar, Rajesh; Sahebkar, Amirhossein; Sahraian, Mohammad Ali; Sajadi, S. Mohammad; Salahshoor, Mohammad Reza; Salamati, Payman; Salehi Zahabi, Saleh; Salem, Hosni; Salem, Marwa R. 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      Background In an era of shifting global agendas and expanded emphasis on non-communicable diseases and injuries along with communicable diseases, sound evidence on trends by cause at the national level is essential. The ...
    • Global burden of 87 risk factors in 204 countries and territories, 1990–2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 

      Murray, Christopher J. L.; Aravkin, Aleksandr Y.; Zheng, Peng; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abbasi Kangevari, Mohsen; Abd Allah, Foad; Abdelalim, Ahmed; Abdollahi, Mohammad; Abdollahpour, Ibrahim; Abegaz, Kedir Hussein; Abolhassani, Hassan; Aboyans, Victor; Abreu, Lucas Guimarães; Abrigo, Michael R. M.; Abualhasan, Ahmed; Abu Raddad, Laith Jamal; Abushouk, Abdelrahman I.; Adabi, Maryam; Adekanmbi, Victor; Adeoye, Abiodun Moshood; Adetokunboh, Olatunji O.; Adham, Davoud; Advani, Shailesh M.; Agarwal, Gina; Aghamir, Seyed Mohammad Kazem; Agrawal, Anurag; Ahmad, Tauseef; Ahmadi, Keivan; Ahmadi, Mehdi; Ahmadieh, Hamid; Ahmed, Muktar Beshir; Akalu, Temesgen Yihunie; Akinyemi, Rufus Olusola; Akinyemiju, Tomi; Akombi, Blessing; Akunna, Chisom Joyqueenet; Alahdab, Fares; Al Aly, Ziyad; Alam, Khurshid; Alam, Samiah; Alam, Tahiya; Alanezi, Fahad Mashhour; Alanzi, Turki M.; Alemu, Biresaw wassihun; Alhabib, Khalid F.; Ali, Muhammad; Ali, Saqib; Alicandro, Gianfranco; Alinia, Cyrus; Alipour, Vahid; Alizade, Hesam; Aljunid, Syed Mohamed; Alla, François; Allebeck, Peter; Almasi Hashiani, Amir; Al Mekhlafi, Hesham M.; Alonso, Jordi; Altirkawi, Khalid A.; Amini Rarani, Mostafa; Amiri, Fatemeh; Amugsi, Dickson A.; Ancuceanu, Robert; Anderlini, Deanna; Anderson, Jason A.; Andrei, Catalina Liliana; Andrei, Tudorel; Angus, Colin; Anjomshoa, Mina; Ansari, Fereshteh; Ansari Moghaddam, Alireza; Antonazzo, Ippazio Cosimo; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.; Antony, Catherine M.; Antriyandarti, Ernoiz; Anvari, Davood; Anwer, Razique; Appiah, Seth Christopher Yaw; Arabloo, Jalal; Arab Zozani, Morteza; Ariani, Filippo; Armoon, Bahram; Ärnlöv, Johan; Arzani, Afsaneh; Asadi Aliabadi, Mehran; Asadi Pooya, Ali A.; Ashbaugh, Charlie; Assmus, Michael; Atafar, Zahra; Atnafu, Desta Debalkie; Atout, Maha Moh'd Wahbi; Ausloos, Floriane; Ausloos, Marcel; Ayala Quintanilla, Beatriz Paulina; Ayano, Getinet; Ayanore, Martin Amogre; Azari, Samad; Azarian, Ghasem; Azene, Zelalem Nigussie; Badawi, Alaa; Badiye, Ashish D.; Bahrami, Mohammad Amin; Bakhshaei, Mohammad Hossein; Bakhtiari, Ahad; Bakkannavar, Shankar M.; Baldasseroni, Alberto; Ball, Kylie; Ballew, Shoshana H.; Balzi, Daniela; Banach, Maciej; Banerjee, Srikanta K.; Bante, Agegnehu Bante; Baraki, Adhanom Gebreegziabher; Barker Collo, Suzanne Lyn; Bärnighausen, Till Winfried; Barrero, Lope H.; Barthelemy, Celine M.; Barua, Lingkan; Basu, Sanjay; Baune, Bernhard T.; Bayati, Mohsen; Becker, Jacob S.; Bedi, Neeraj; Beghi, Ettore; Béjot, Yannick; Bell, Michellr L.; Bennitt, Fiona B.; Bensenor, Isabela M.; Berhe, Kidanemaryam; Berman, Adam E.; Bhagavathula, Akshaya Srikanth; Bhageerathy, Reshmi; Bhala, Neeraj; Bhandari, Dinesh; Bhattacharyya, Krittika; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.; Bijani, Ali; Bikbov, Boris; Bin Sayeed, Muhammad Shahdaat; Biondi, Antonio; Birihane, Binyam Minuye; Bisignano, Catherine; Biswas, Raaj Kishore; Bitew, Helen; Bohlouli, Somayeh; Bohluli, Mehdi; Boon Dooley, Alexandra S.; Borges, Guilherme; Borzì, Antonio Maria; Borzouei, Shiva; Bosetti, Cristina; Boufous, Soufiane; Braithwaite, Dejana; Breitborde, Nicholas J. K.; Breitner, Susanne; Brenner, Hermann; Briant, Paul Svitil; Briko, Andrey Nikolaevich; Briko, Nikolay Ivanovich; Britton, Gabrielle B.; Bryazka, Dana; Bumgarner, Blair R.; Burkart, Katrin; Burnett, Richard Thomas; Burugina Nagaraja, Sharath; Butt, Zahid A.; Caetano dos Santos, Florentino Luciano; Cahill, Leah E.; Cámera, Luis LA Alberto; Campos Nonato, Ismael R.; Cárdenas, Rosario; Carreras, Giulia; Carrero, Juan J.; Carvalho, Felix; Castaldelli Maia, Joao Mauricio; Castañeda Orjuela, Carlos A.; Castelpietra, Giulio; Castro, Franz; Causey, Kate; Cederroth, Christopher R.; Cercy, Kelly M.; Cerin, Ester; Chandan, Joht Singh; Chang, Kai Lan; Charlson, Fiona J.; Chattu, Vijay Kumar; Chaturvedi, Sarika; Cherbuin, Nicolas; Chimed Ochir, Odgerel; Cho, Daniel Youngwhan; Choi, Jee Young Jasmine; Christensen, Hanne; Chu, Dinh Toi; Chung, Michael T.; Chung, Sheng Chia; Cicuttini, Flavia M.; Ciobanu, Liliana G.; Cirillo, Massimo; Classen, Thomas Khaled Dwayne; Cohen, Aaron J.; Compton, Kelly; Cooper, Owen R.; Costa, Vera Marisa; Cousin, Ewerton; Cowden, Richard G.; Cross, Di H.; Cruz, Jessica A.; Dahlawi, Saad M. A.; Damasceno, Albertino Antonio Moura; Damiani, Giovanni; Dandona, Lalit; Dandona, Rakhi; Dangel, William James; Danielsson, Anna Karin; Dargan, Paul I.; Darwesh, Aso Mohammad; Daryani, Ahmad; Das, Jai K.; Das Gupta, Rajat; das Neves, José; Dávila Cervantes, Claudio Alberto; Davitoiu, Dragos Virgil; De Leo, Diego; Degenhardt, Louisa; DeLang, Marissa; Dellavalle, Robert Paul; Demeke, Feleke Mekonnen; Demoz, Gebre Teklemariam; Demsie, Desalegn Getnet; Denova Gutiérrez, Edgar; Dervenis, Nikolaos; Dhungana, Govinda Prasad; Dianatinasab, Mostafa; Dias da Silva, Diana; Diaz, Daniel; Dibaji Forooshani, Zahra Sadat; Djalalinia, Shirin; Do, Hoa Thi; Dokova, Klara; Dorostkar, Fariba; Doshmangir, Leila; Driscoll, Tim Robert; Duncan, Bruce B.; Duraes, Andre Rodrigues |; Eagan, Arielle Wilder; Edvardsson, David; El Nahas, Nevine; El Sayed, Iman; El Tantawi, Maha; Elbarazi, Iffat; Elgendy, Islam Y.; El Jaafary, Shaimaa I.; Elyazar, Iqbal RF; Emmons Bell, Sophia; Erskine, Holly E.; Eskandarieh, Sharareh; Esmaeilnejad, Saman; Esteghamati, Alireza; Estep, Kara; Etemadi, Arash; Etisso, Atkilt; Esaiyas Fanzo, Jessica; Farahmand, Mohammad; Fareed, Mohammad; Faridnia, Roghiyeh; Farioli, Andrea; Faro, Andre; Faruque, Mithila; Farzadfar, Farshad; Fattahi, Nazir; Fazlzadeh, Mehdi; Feigin, Valery L.; Feldman, Rachel; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed Mohammad; Fernandes, Eduarda; Ferrara, Giannina; Ferrari, Alize J.; Ferreira, Manuela L.; Filip, Irina; Fischer, Florian; Fisher, James L.; Flor, Luisa Sorio; Foigt, Nataliya A.; Folayan, Morenike Oluwatoyin; Fomenkov, Artem Alekseevich; Force, Lisa M.; Foroutan, Masoud; Franklin, Richard Charles; Freitas, Marisa; Fu, Weijia; Fukumoto, Takeshi; Furtado, João M.; Gad, Mohamed M.; Gakidou, Emmanuela; Gallus, Silvano; Garcia Basteiro, Alberto L.; Gardner, William M.; Geberemariyam, Biniyam Sahiledengle; Gebreslassie, Assefa Ayalew Ayalew Ayalew; Geremew, Abraham; Gershberg Hayoon, Anna; Gething, Peter W.; Ghadimi, Maryam; Ghadiri, Keyghobad; Ghaffarifar, Fatemeh; Ghafourifard, Mansour; Ghamari, Farhad; Ghashghaee, Ahmad; Ghiasvand, Hesam; Ghith, Nermin; Gholamian, Asadollah; Ghosh, Rakesh; Gill, Paramjit Singh; Ginindza, Themba G. G.; Giussani, Giorgia; Gnedovskaya, Elena V.; Goharinezhad, Salime; Gopalani, Sameer Vali; Gorini, Giuseppe; Goudarzi, Houman; Goulart, Alessandra C.; Greaves, Felix; Grivna, Michal; Grosso, Giuseppe; Gubari, Mohammed Ibrahim Mohialdeen; Gugnani, Harish Chander; Guimarães, Rafael Alves; Guled, Rashid Abdi; Guo, Gaorui; Guo, Yuming; Gupta, Rajeev; Gupta, Tarun; Haddock, Beatrix; Hafezi Nejad, Nima; Hafiz, Abdul; Haj Mirzaian, Arvin; Haj Mirzaian, Arya; Hall, Brian J.; Halvaei, Iman; Hamadeh, Randah R.; Hamidi, Samer; Hammer, Melanie S.; Hankey, Graeme J.; Haririan, Hamidreza; Haro, Josep Maria; Hasaballah, Ahmed I.; Hasan, Md Mehedi; Hasanpoor, Edris; Hashi, Abdiwahab; Hassanipour, Soheil; Hassankhani, Hadi; Havmoeller, Rasmus J.; Hay, Simon I.; Hayat, Khezar; Heidari, Golnaz; Heidari Soureshjani, Reza; Henrikson, Hannah J.; Herbert, Molly E.; Herteliu, Claudiu; Heydarpour, Fatemeh; Hird, Thomas R.; Hoek, Hans W.; Holla, Ramesh; Hoogar, Praveen; Hosgood, H. Dean; Hossain, Naznin; Hosseini, Mostafa; Hosseinzadeh, Mehdi; Hostiuc, Mihaela; Hostiuc, Sorin; Househ, Mowafa; Hsairi, Mohamed; Hsieh, Vivian Chia Rong; Hu, Guoqing; Hu, Kejia; Huda, Tanvir M.; Humayun, Ayesha; Huynh, Chantal K.; Hwang, Bing Fang; Iannucci, Vincent C.; Ibitoye, Segun Emmanuel; Ikeda, Nayu; Ikuta, Kevin S.; Ilesanmi, Olayinka Stephen; Ilic, Irena M.; Ilic, Milena D.; Inbaraj, Leeberk Raja; Ippolito, Helen; Iqbal, Usman; Irvani, Seyed Sina Naghibi; Irvine, Caleb Mackay Salpeter; Islam, M. Mofizul; Islam, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful; Iso, Hiroyasu; Ivers, Rebecca Q.; Iwu, Chidozie C. D.; Iwu, Chinwe Juliana; Iyamu, Ihoghosa Osamuyi; Jaafari, Jalil; Jacobsen, Kathryn H.; Jafari, Hussain; Jafarinia, Morteza; Jahani, Mohammad Ali; Jakovljevic, Mihajlo; Jalilian, Farzad; James, Spencer L.; Janjani, Hosna; Javaheri, Tahereh; Javidnia, Javad; Jeemon, Panniyammakal; Jenabi, Ensiyeh; Jha, Ravi Prakash; Jha, Vivekanand; Ji, John S.; Johansson, Lars; John, Oommen; John Akinola, Yetunde O.; Johnson, Catherine Owens; Jonas, Jost B.; Joukar, Farahnaz; Jozwiak, Jacek Jerzy; Jürisson, Mikk; Kabir, Ali; Kabir, Zubair; Kalani, Hamed; Kalani, Rizwan; Kalankesh, Leila R.; Kalhor, Rohollah; Kanchan, Tanuj; Kapoor, Neeti; Karami Matin, Behzad; Karch, André; Karim, Mohd Anisul; Kassa, Getachew Mullu; Katikireddi, Srinivasa Vittal; Kayode, Gbenga A.; Kazemi Karyani, Ali; Keiyoro, Peter Njenga; Keller, Cathleen; Kemmer, Laura; Kendrick, Parkes J.; Khalid, Nauman; Khammarnia, Mohammad; Khan, Ejaz Ahmad; Khan, Maseer; Khatab, Khaled; Khater, Mona M.; Khatib, Mahalaqua Nazli; Khayamzadeh, Maryam; Khazaei, Salman; Kieling, Christian; Kim, Yun Jin; Kimokoti, Ruth W.; Kisa, Adnan; Kisa, Sezer; Kivimäki, Mika; Knibbs, Luke D.; Knudsen, Ann Kristin Skrindo; Kocarnik, Jonathan M.; Kochhar, Sonali; Kopec, Jacek A.; Korshunov, Vladimir Andreevich; Koul, Parvaiz A.; Koyanagi, Ai; Kraemer, Moritz U. G.; Krishan, Kewal; Krohn, Kris J.; Kromhout, Hans; Kuate Defo, Barthelemy; Kumar, G. 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      Background Rigorous analysis of levels and trends in exposure to leading risk factors and quantification of their effect on human health are important to identify where public health is making progress and in which cases ...