Prevalencia de sintomáticos respiratorios en instituciones prestadoras de servicios de salud de Bogotá, D.C., junio de 2005 a marzo de 2006
Ibañez Palacios, Milciades
López, Lilia Edith
Biomédica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud, 0120-4157, Vol.30, Nro.4, 2010, p. 509-529
Instituto Nacional de Salud
MetadataShow full item record
Introduction. One of the greatest challenges in tuberculosis control is the early detection of cases. Detection is hindered by low level of active search for respiratory symptoms by health consultants and the small number of tubercular smear tests ordered by health personnel. Objective. The prevalence of individuals with respiratory symptoms was estimated in Bogotá Health Service Institutions, along with the proportion of those receiving diagnostic baciloscopies (smear or culture tests). Materials and methods. A cross sectional survey was carried out in 113 health service institutions located in the city of Bogotá, involved 3,170 users and covered a 10-month period between June 2005 and March 2006. Sampling design was based on a probabilistic, stratified, multistage, cluster–without-replacement strategy. A telephone follow-up and review of laboratory registers was done to identify symptomatic individuals for whom baciloscopy was requested. Results. The prevalence of symptomatic individuals was 7.5% (95%CI 6.4-8.6%). A higher prevalence occurred in public institutions, 9.5% (95%CI 8.0-10.9%), in institutions of first level, 8.6% (95%CI 7.4-9.8), in persons ≥60 years of age 15.8% (95%CI 12.4-19.2%) and in health users with social security, 7.6% (95% CI 6.4-8.7%). In 47% of symptomatic cases, a baciloscopic procedures were not ordered. Conclusions. The study updated the prevalence of respiratory symptomatic individuals in Colombia.
- Artículos