Aislamientos de Staphylococcus aureus sensibles a meticilina relacionados genéticamente con el clon USA300, ¿origen de los aislamientos SARM de genotipo comunitario en Colombia?
Leal, Aura Lucía
Escobar-Pérez, Javier Antonio
Biomédica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud, 0120-4157, Vol.34, Supl.1, 2014, p. 124-136
Instituto Nacional de Salud
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Introduction: USA300 is a genetic lineage found both in methicillin-resistant (MRSA) and methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) isolates. In Colombia, hospital and community MRSA infections are caused by a USA300-related community genotype MRSA (CG-MRSA) clone. The genetic origin of this clone is unknown yet. Objective: To identify and characterize methicillin-resistant (MRSA) and methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) isolates in order to improve the information about the origin of the CG-MRSA isolates in Colombia. Materials and methods: USA300-related MSSA isolates were detected and characterized from a study of 184 S. aureus isolates (90 MRSA and 94 MSSA) recovered from infections. The genetic relatedness of the isolates was established by means of pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and protein A gene typification (spa typing). Results: Among 184 isolates, 27 (14.7%) showed molecular characteristics and genetic relationship with the USA300 clone, of which 18 were MRSA and nine were MSSA. All USA300-related MRSA harbored Staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) IVc (3.1.2). In the MSSA isolates, SCCmec remnants or attB duplicate sites were not detected. Conclusions: In Colombia, the CG-MRSA isolates probably originated in the dissemination of an USA300-related MSSA clone which later acquired SCCmec IVc.
Staphylococcus aureus resistente a meticilina
Bacterias formadoras de endosporas
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