Perfil de las enfermedades gastrointestinales en un centro de gastroenterología pediátrica en Colombia: 15 años de seguimiento
Biomédica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud, 0120-4157, Vol.37, Nro.3, 2017, p. 315-323
Instituto Nacional de Salud
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Introduction: The profile of gastrointestinal diseases is constantly changing globally and locally affecting suspected diagnosis and medical methods. Objective: To establish the main diagnoses in a gastroenterology, hepatology, and pediatric nutrition unit in Bogota between 2009 and 2013, and to compare with findings from the same unit during the two prior five-year periods (1997 to 2006). Materials and methods: We conducted a retrospective descriptive study. Medical records were reviewed to extract diagnoses. Data from the two previous five-year periods were taken from institutional records. A univariate analysis was performed, along with calculation of absolute and relative frequencies for qualitative variables, and central tendency and dispersion measures for quantitative variables. Results: The study collected the diagnoses of 1,171 patients, 51.8% (607) of whom were male, and 64% (753/1171), under five years of age. The main diagnoses were: constipation (33.9%), food allergy (23.5%), eating disorders (5.5%), gastroesophageal reflux disease (4.1%), peptic ulcer disease (4.1%), persistent diarrhea (3.8%) and cystic fibrosis (3.4%). Upon comparing this period with the two previous ones, we observed that peptic ulcer disease decreased while constipation, which was in the second position, rose to the first place. Food allergy, not registered within the first ten diagnoses in previous periods, appeared during this last period. Conclusions: During the last five years, constipation was the first gastrointestinal diagnosis followed by food allergy, in agreement with the global trend. It is essential, therefore, to apply diagnostic algorithms, timely treatment, and prevention.
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